Families Connected to  Keighley & it's history 

Industrialists, Gentry and Clergy 
We have done out utmost to ensure that the information presented here is correct, but we would ask if you are using the information for genealogy purposes that you double check the information as we can not be held responsible for errors. 

The help us find out the families in the town from an early date, we have used the 1672 Hearth Tax. We list here those who had more than one hearth. There were 420 hearths recorded for Keighley.
Form the one's with the most hearths we see names that have travelled down through history, and names that faded from the limelight. We wonder where the building with 12 hearths was, and could this be the lost mansion house that supposedly was situated in Parkwood

Keighley
Mr Tho Browne 12
Ellin Phillips 7
Thomas Denby 7
John Ramsbotham  6
John Learoyd 6
Geo Denbigh 5
Anne Lawe 5
Widd Beanland 5
Henry Clapham 4 
Willm Clough 4 
Widd Drake 4 
John Denby 4
Thomas Hird 4
Geo Hudson 4
Tho Knowles 4
Henry Pickles 4
Willm Mawde 4
Willm Clapham 3 
John Drake 3
Robert Hall 3
Widdow Hartley 3
Elizabeth Hudson 3
John Keighley 3 
Willm Potterton 3
Thomas Pickles 3 
Richard Rawlin 3 
William Smith 3
Christopher Smith 3
John Smith 3
John Steele 3
John Shaw 3
Richard Shackleton 3
Benjamine Tatham 3
Willm Midgley 3
John Wright 3
Robert Wright sen 3 
Nicholas Wright 3
William Binns 2
Mr Richard Browne 2 
Avaray Barraclough 2 
Mr William Brooke 2
John Brooksbancke 2
Thomas Briggs 2
Thomas Briggs 2
John Bothomley 2
Joseph Beaneland 2
Widd Beeston 2

Keighley
Thomas Brooke 2 
Geo Clapham 2
Robert Clough 2
John Clough 2
Chrofer Clarke 2 
Mrs Mary Currey 2
Geo Dixon 2
Richard Denbigh 2
Michaell Driver sen 2
Francis Fowler 2
Willm Hird 2
Christopher Hird 2
John Hoyle 2
John Hole 2
Edmond Hutchinson 2
Thomas Jenings 2
John Lupton 2
John Bawdon 2 
William Leach 2
John Roper 2
John Robinson 2
John Scott 2 
Roger Shackleton 2
John Shackleton 2
John Shackleton 2
John Sugden 2 
Thomas Smith 2
Widd Smith 2
James Smith 2
Francis Smith 2
Robt Smith 2 
Francis Sharpe 2 
John Sugden 2
Henry Sharpe 2 
Francis Sowden 2
Anne Sowden 2
Thomas Tayler 2
Robert Tayler 2
John Townesman 2
Jonas Townson 2
Matthew Wilman 2
Tho Wilkinson 2 
John Widdop 2
John Wheelewright 2
Richard Wheelewright 2
Anthony Wright 2
Richard Wooler 2
HAWORTH
Timothy Gaukeroger 6
Mr John Ramsden 5 
Jonas Pickles 4
Christopr Holmes 3
John Feather 3
Abraham Uttley 3
Henry Mitchill 3
Joseph Smith 3
Henry Baron 2 
John Driver 2
Robert Godbert 2
Ambros Hay 2
Joshua Heaton 2
Robert Heaton 2
John Holmes 2
Christopr Holmes 2
Willm Ickeringall 2
Paull Kay 2
Nathanll Feather 2
Joseph Morrill 2
Thomas Mitchill 2
Edward Pickles 2
Joseph Pickles 2
Thomas Pickles 2
Thomas Pickles 2
Michaell Pickles 3
Michaell Pearson 2
Michaell Rushworth 2
Thomas Rushworth 2
Willm Rushforth 2
John Redman 2
Michaell Shackleton 2
Michaell Shackleton 2
Abraham Sutcliff 2
George Taylor sen 2
Widdow Tillotson 2
Jonas Wheelewright 2
Adam Wright 2 
John Widdup 2
Thomas Whitacres 2

BINGLEY (over 2)
Mr Currer &  Warrenhouse & milne 18
Mr Ben Farrand 8 
Mr Binns 8 
Sam  Sunderland Esq 8
Tho Murgatroide 6
Mr Farrand 6
Mr Fairbancke 6
Tho Booth 5
Willm Dobson 5
Tho Dobson 5
Abra Parker 5
John Scott 5 
Widd Thornton 5
Tho Blakey 4
Tho Inglethorpe 4 
Mr Benja Farrand 4 
Mr Stephen Farrand 4
Rich Francke 4
Widd Heaton 4
Martin Lister 4
Thos Lister 4
Jonas Appleyeard 4
Willm Marvill 4
George Oldroyde 4
John Tayler 4
Roger Shackleton 4
Mr Mich Youngbotham 4
John Wilkinson 4
Widd Whitley 4
Mr Bentley 3
John Clayton 3
Nichol: Cowling 3
Joseph Dawson 3 
Robte Denby 3
Rob Hardcastle 3
Widd Holmes 3
Fran: Howgill 3
Tho Murgatroide 3
John Mitchell 3  
Widd Whitley 3
John Rawson 3
Nicho Stead 3
William Scott 3 
Robert Leach 3
The Schoolhouse 3 
The following my well be connected to the people above.
Thomas Danby the son of Thomas Danby the Parson was baptised 8 Mar 1659. Nathan son of Thomas Danby Parson of Keighley was bapt. the 30 Jun 1666. Thomas Danby Rector of Keighley buried the 15 Feb 1675. 

Ambler
The Amblers were involved in paper making at Ingrow. Starting with Timothy at the head of the family, sons Abraham, Timothy, James and Thomas. 1861 Thomas Ambler, of Keighley, Yorkshire, applied for patent for improvements in top rollers, for spinning and drawing frames.
1865 William Ambler of Keighley, in the County of York, Paper Merchant, for an invention for “Improvements in the manufacture of knickerbockers and such like coverings for the legs.”
Grandson William Aug. 1870 applied for patent for "“Improvements in the manufacture of “spool tubes, and other tubes of paper, and in dyeing or colouring, and marking the same, and “ in machinery or apparatus to be employed therefor.” 
There was a John Ambler involved in corn milling at Ingrow, we are not aware he was any relation to the above Ambler family.

Anderton
The family we are looking at is from Cullingworth, Hallas Hall. John married Alice Binns of Oxenhope, They had many children. We shall start with Alice, she married Halifax papermaker William Emmet, after the death of Alice, William married his uncle Emanuel Emmet widow, Sarah Chadwick. Brother of above Alice, Jonathan William Anderton married  Sarah Blakey daughter of Samuel of Aireworth Mill. Another brother John a worsted Manufacturer produced a son William Anderton who had married Mary Maud produced three daughters who would marry into industrial families of Keighley, Elizabeth to John Broadley Greenwood of the Haworth Greenwood line. Martha to William Lister Marriner. Mary to John Brigg. Swithin Anderton Justice of the Peace and Worsted Spinner Eastbrook Mills, Bradford.  Was the son of Jonathan and Sarah Blakey, his grave is a listed building  Monument. John Anderton was a worsted manufacturer first at a mill in Cullingworth built by John Briggs, after used by Benjamin Craven, then John, John would move to Bent’s Mill. Around 1826 William Anderton would take on Dubb Mill and build a new mill across the road. 
The name in later years would become known for Anderton's Coaches. Anderton's Tours Ltd, 34 Church Street, Keighley. Phones: 2649, 3518. Dirs.: William E. & Frank E. Anderton; Gen. Man.: L. Frith; Ch. Eng.: L. Watson; Sec.: H. Anderton. Rolling stock: 10 coaches. Chassis: Bedford. Bodies: Plaxton. William & Frank started the company in 1919 with one 28-seater coach.

Asholl - Ashall - Ashald
This once reasonably prominent family seemed to have faded away from the limelight. We know that John Ashall in the late 1600's was living at the High Field. When one of his son's James married Martha Craven of Skipton it was a Quaker marriage. James and Martha most definitely carried on following that religion for we find references to the births and deaths of their children in the Quaker registry. 

Asquith
John Asquith born 10 Feb 1771 in the Kildwick area was a farmer and surveyor of the Keighley kendal road. His son Emanuel was a book keeper and lived at Stubbin in Keighley, his first wife was Esther Rishworth the daughter of Midgley Rishworth, second wife was Mary Smith daughter of Manufacture Robert Smith. One of Emanuel's son's Midgley Asquith was a draper. Another son Rishworth Asquith stated off being a Solicitor's Clerk but changed course and became Manager of gas works. 

Bailey
Thomas Bailey,  in his early working life was the Assessor and collector of Income Tax for the town. He later, around 1820 became a  worsted Manufacture of Upper Holme House, then Plumbers Mill in South Street. 1851 and we still find him on South Street but now described as Worsted top maker and provision dealer. His Brother was Nathan Bailey who was at Cliffe Green Farm at Laycock. 
Grandson of Nathan, Abraham Bailey better known as Sir Abe Bailey. Born in South Africa, Politician, amputee, art collector  and cricketer. 
Joseph Sharp Bailey, son of Thomas the worsted manufacturer married Mary Booth, daughter of Church Green Inn Keeper Joseph Booth.

Bairstow
John Bairstow of Steeton had  a large family. Daughter Hannah married John Midgley, their son William became a corn miller in Keighley and later in Horsforth, William Midgley had married Sarah Helen Spencer daughter of George a Solicitor of North Gate House, North Street. George Spencer had married Sarah Bairstow. Sarah and Hannah were sisters. Mathew Bairstow son of John married Hannah Bairstow from Northowram, she was the daughter of Samuel Bairstow. The Steeton Bairstow's were corn millers and Spinning manufacturers, T. & M Bairstow’s worsted manufacturers. Percy Bairstow great grandson of the above mentioned  John, married Amy Spencer who was the great granddaughter of the above mentioned John Spencer. Her uncle was Swire Smith. Amy's father was John Bairstow Spencer. 
Mathew and Hannah Bairstow's daughter Emily married James Nicholson Clarkson of Whitby, his brother was Sir William Clarkson, naval officer. James Nicholson Clarkson was practicing law and was a  solicitor with the firm Spencer Clatkson & Co., 40, North Street, Keighley. James and family lived at Riddlesden Hall after moving from Holly Bank, Keighley.

Baxandall - Baxandale
David Baxandall who's roots were in Denholme was a corn miller at Ingrow, he was in partnership with David Dixon, unfortunately in 1874 Dixon committed suicide. 

Binns - Baynes
Edward Binns bought Rishworth Hall in 1591 About 1672 Abraham Binns, ruined by drink and extravagance, sold the house to a Leeds merchant for £3000. Which was a fantastic sum for the time.
Thomas Binns from Lancashire, built  Holme Mill around 1816  was born in the late 1700's Married Ann Spencer, the daughter of John of Broom House. John Spencer and Sons wool staplers consisted of father John, son's John and David, and Thomas Binns. The Binns family lived at Croft House until around the time of Thomas death. In a trade directory for 1822 we found the following entry, Binns and Williamson, Worsted Spinners and Manufacturers. 
Thomas Binns started spinning with James Cawood and Joseph Wright at Stubbin House otherwise known as Screw Mill which had been built before 1787 and re built 1808. Thomas liked hunting and the high life, he owned his own pack of hounds and employed well known Utley huntsman Thomas Smith. When Thomas attended the cloth market he was always well turned out in a blue coat, white or yellow waistcoat, ruffled shirt, kersy breeches buttoned at the knee finished off with yellow toped boots. Entertaining at Croft House was a lavish affair and the standard of fare known throughout the district. We do not know who ran the monetary affairs for the family after the death of Thomas, but it would appear that it was squandered putting the family in a much less comfortable situation than they had become used to.
Thomas father also called Thomas Binns was in partnership with Hattersley  at Stubbin Mill with  until 1810 when Binns died. Prior to this Thomas Binns was in partnership with Cawood & Wright at Stubbin, it was at this time because they had started making screws that it became known as Screw Mill. 
Joseph Binns built North Beck Mill, he was married to William Lund's sister Alice. About 1838, William Lund purchased Mr. Binns' interest in the North Beck Mill.
Joesph Binns son Robert took for his second wife Margaret Ann Robinson, the daughter of William Robinson who around 1850 turned his home in to a public house, the Friendly Inn, Stanbury. Prior to this he had been a Worsted Manufacture and had taken on New Mill at Haworth.

Blakey
There were two main families, and they came from Marley and Keighley.
For the Keighley family we shall start with William Blakey born 1635, we know he had two sons, William and James. James had a son William born 1688 who married Dorothy Haggas in 1716. William was a Serge weaver and at his death in 1759 he is recorded at Bracken Bank, Keighley.
William and Dorothy had a son Jonas who also married into the Haggas family, he married Elizabeth Haggas.
Sarah daughter of William and Dorothy, married Abraham Binns a wool comb maker.
William Thomas grandson of the above William and Dorothy married 1774 Betty (Elizabeth) Greenwood the daughter of John Greenwood and Ann Heaton of Bridgehouse Mill, Haworth. They had a daughter Ann (Nancy) Blakey who married 1791 John Greenwood of Ellar Carr Mill, Cullingworth the son of John of Cabbage Mill. Ann died one year after her marriage.
Frances granddaughter of William and Dorothy married 1776 Lister Ellis, their son also called Lister would become known for Castlefield mill at Bingley. 
John of Townfield Gate, son of Jonas and  Elizabeth Haggas married Mary Clapham, it is believed that it was this John Blakey who sold the land called Dam Close where Greengate Mill was built to Mr. Stell in 1761.
John the grandson of John and Mary Clapham started his working life as a manufacturer, later becoming  a corn miller and maltster. 
Elizabeth daughter of John and Mary Clapham married surgeon George Beck, their son John Blakey Beck would follow in his fathers footsteps for an occupation.
Alice daughter of John and Mary Clapham married John Horrocks, grandson of John Haggas and Elizabeth Horsfield.
Thomas Blakey Corn miller and son of John the corn miller married well, his wife was Emma Wall the daughter of Thomas Wall Wine & Spirit Merchant, Emma was also the granddaughter of Thomas Howgill Iveson of Greengate mill. Son of Thomas and Emma, John, also a corn miller who would move from Layland House to Thornleigh, Carlton Road. He also married well, Alice Maude Summerscales  the daughter of Joseph the iron founder. Ann daughter of John the cornmiller married Alfred Wall, he was the son of Thomas Wall wine and spirit merchant and Mary Iveson.
Alfred Wall had moved to Bradford to try his hand in the textile industry. 
Sarah daughter of Samuel, Solicitor and builder of Aireworth Mill married Jonathan William Anderton surgeon of Hallas Hall. After his death Sarah married Samuel Nichols landlord of the Brown Cow, Bingley. 
Another daughter of Samuel, Martha married Henry Clapham of the manor house Utley.
Samuel Phillip Blakey the great grandson of John and Mary Clapham seems to have fallen on hard times, in 1911 we find him in the notorious Model Lodging House, Leeds Street with his occupation listed as Tripe hawker.
Isabel daughter of William and Dorothy Haggas married John Sugden of Bracken Bank, manufacturer of  stuff pieces with a warehouse connected to his house, later he concentrated on farming. 

Jonas Blakey cordwainer Low Street was married to Elizabeth Waterhouse daughter of Thomas draper of South Street. Their son John took his trade to Potter Newton in Leeds and employed 300 people.
We now come to a small puzzle, in 1774 a female child is born, Blakey Blakey, the parish records tell us this child's mother is Alice Blakey, but we do not know if Alice is single or a widow. Blakey Blakey went on to marry John Blakey Carrodus, and the children they had for some reason kept on dropping the Carrodus every now and then. Those doing family research into this family will need to double check that they have the right family. The mother of John Blakey Carrodus, Judith, might be the  daughter of Jonathan Carrodus & Sarah Ramsbottom, but this requires more research before it can be stated as fact.
We have not been able to find a husband  for Alice Blakey, nor do we know if Blakey is her maiden name or one she obtained through marriage. We are aware she had six children, James & Jonas baptised 1770, Blakey baptised 1774, Olive & Alice baptised 1779, Samuel baptised 1786. 
Jonas Blakey  baptised 1770 was a shoe maker he married
Elizabeth Waterhouse, her father was Thomas, a draper and manufacturer employing 21 people. A son of Jonas Blakey, John, moved to Leeds carrying on the shoe trade  employing 300 Hands. 
1880 John Blakey founded the idea of hammering protective pieces of metal into the sole of shoes. Blakey segs are still sold today. John died in 1901, but in 1902 Blakey’s Segs were produced for sale. These are now produced by H Goodwin (Castings) Limited,  Walsall.
 

Booth
Jeremiah Booth born late 1600's or early 1700's is recorded at the baptism of his children as an Inn Keeper, unfortunately for us the Parish records do not tell us which Inn. We do know however that he died in 1772. What we also know is that in 1748 he was renting a farm from the Cavendishes called the Great Farm which had 147 acres.
 Of his four sons one also named Jeremiah Booth also became an Inn Keeper at the Golden Fleece, Cook Lane. He married Anne Banks. Amongst their other children they produced a son Banks Booth, he married Grace Spencer the daughter of John Spencer of Broom House, Spring Gardens Lane. Banks was at the Woolpack. Banks two children were baptised at Colne, John Lister Booth was a grocer at Damside, another son Spencer Banks Booth, was a book keeper. 
Another Booth who was an inn keeper was Joseph Booth, at this time we have found no connection to the above Booths, Joseph descended from Edward a butcher in Silsden. One of his sons, David Wilkinson Booth, a butcher, had a son John Brook Booth who moved to Rastrick, at first running a public house, then starting up the Red Cross Brewery in Rastric. 
John Booth born in Addingham, was for a while spinning cotton at Castle Mill. His wife, Margaret Fox, was the daughter of James Fox, a hatter in Low Street. 

Bottomley
The very mention of the name brings back memories of Bottomleys mint rock,  Chlorodyne Lozenges, Kamarella Toffee & the  Prize medal awarded Bottomleys Acidulated lime Fruit Tablets.
Jonas Bottomley was born in Keighley and the son of textile worker by the same name Jonas. In his young life Jonas Jnr also worked in textiles as a Dyer before starting his career into confectionery. Jonas Jnr had an elder brother John who from Mill Hill ran a milk round, but later returned to textiles. John's son Gordon became a poet and author.  
In 1883 Jonas Bottomley was robbed & killed in Leeds, the firm continued under the direction of his son's. 
He was certainly robbed & killed in the vicinity of Leeds Station. The firm he founded continued manufacturing sweets including the legendary mint rock into the 1980's before finally closing. Mint Rock is still produced as Bottomleys by Bishops of Bradford who purchased the trade mark upon closure of the original business. I understand that when Bill o'th Hoylus End applied to Queen Victoria to be appointed Poet Laureate in succession to Lord Tennyson he qualified his good health as being attributable to a regular supply of Aaron Kings Ale & Bottonmley's Mint Rock. Messrs. J. Bottomley and Sans, Ltd. This firm, surviving the murder at Leeds in 1883 of its founder, Jonas Bottomley, was by the turn of the century producing over twenty tons of sweets a week from its factory in adjoining Adelaide Street. Especially famous were Bottomleys' time fruit tab lets and mint rock, the subject of extravagant claims. 'The greatest enemy to Bronchitis!' cried Bottomleys' mint rock advertising. 'Saves Thousands of Lives from that dreadful disease.'
Arthur Bottomley aged 16 of George Street, all but lost his life through being dragged around a shaft at Heaton and Beavers Mill

Bradley

Painting left is a self portrait by John Bradley, copyright Bradford Museum.


1787-1844 John Bradley was a Keighley artist who taught drawing to the Brontes. He made his living by  house and sign painting, but sketched and painted in his spare time, and by the 1820s had become the best known painter in the area. He was one of the founders of the Keighley Mechanics’ Institute in 1825  and we believe he was the  architect. 

Brigg's, 
farmers of Calversyke Hill since the 15th Century. 
The Briggs of Calversyke  intermarried with the Briggs at Guardhouse. Briggs farm Laycock laycockvillage.com
Family grave yard, Briggs Sepulcher at the bottom of North Dean Road, which used to be called Lynum Street, was built by Briggs, it was intended for family use, but other Friends are buried here.
Thomas Brigg Gentleman farmer of Guard House had no interest in textiles until his family became related to the Cravens, the textile business being financed it would seem from agriculture.  
Thomas Brigg
of Guard House was first married to a lady named Ruth, after her death he married the widow of Robert Craven in 1674. Thomas and Ruth had a daughter Sarah who married Richard Shackleton of Harden, he was the son of Roger Shackleton and Mary Roper.
Thomas father was John Brigg of Sutton.
Joshua Brigg
acquired Brow End Farm near Laycock when Thomas Brigg of Guardhouse married the widow of of Robert Craven and after her death he inherited the farm.
Elizabeth Brigg of Kildwick married in 1826 William Spencer of Malsis Hall, she was his second wife.
Thomas Brigg
was a member of the Society of Friends, but married outside his rank and was expelled from the Friends. The Briggs family then became (Independents) Congregationalists. They gave generous contributions for the building of churches of all denominations. 

Thomas Brigg = Mary Clapham John Craven = Mary Clapham

l

l

Thomas Brigg = Isabel Brigg Barnard  

Sarah Craven

= William Corlass
 

John Craven

= Elizabeth Rishworth
Daughter of Thomas Barnard & Paulina Brigg   of hope & Greengate Mills, and later Reediford, Colne   Bought Low mill abt 1840

l

Isabella Brigg = Edmund Laycock = Mary Brigg

John Brigg

=

Margaret Ann Marriner

Thomas Brigg  died in 1764 he was a yeoman weaver of  Guardhouse,  apprehended in Keighley in 1682 along with others because of their Quaker beliefs and refusal to pay tithes to Keighley Parish Church. They were imprisoned in York Castle for four months and had possessions ceased in lieu of tithes. He married in 1674 Mary Clapham, after Thomas death she married John Craven who had bought Walk Mill in 1776. 
Edmund Laycock timber merchant married first Mary Brigg and after her death married in 1834 Mary's sister Isabella. These were the daughters of Thomas Brigg of Guard House, the sisters brother Sir John Brigg  married Margaret Ann Marriner. John  died in 1867. Is registered in Pigot's Directory of 1829 under Worsted Spinners and Stuff Manufacturers Guard house, lived at Broomfield House, he is also recorded as living at Kildwick Hall. He is registered as running Browend Mill.   
The son of Sir John and Margaret, John Brigg, married Mary Anderton, she was the daughter of William Anderton who was a descendant of the Anderton's of Hallas Hall.
William Marriner Brigg, son of John and Margret, married Sarah Ann Marriner, his sister Mary Jane Brigg married John Craven the son of John Craven and Margaret Young. 
Thomas Brigg, the son of John and Mary Anderton, married Helen Amelia Haggas daughter of John Haggas and Elizabeth Clough.

Asa Briggs, Baron Briggs thepeerage.com  

Busfield
Johnson Atkinson (17??-1817) Johnson married Elizabeth Busfield and added Busfield to his surname in 1772 when his wife inherited her uncle Thomas estate. lived at Myrtle Grove, Bingley which became the Bingley Town Hall, built where Springhead farm previously stood. Because of debts he sold Myrtle Grove in 1805 to General Twiss. 
Johnson Atkinson Busfield 1775-1849 Rector of St Michael, Wood Street & of St Mary Staining & Lecturer of St Mary-le-bone.
William Atkinson Busfield son of Johnson, William died in 1851.
Rev William Busfeild 1802-1878 Rector of Keighley. Succeeded to Upwood estates on death of uncle William in 1851
William Busfield. He was born 15 Jan 1838, Cottingley Bridge, Bingley. He later took the name Ferrand, and became known as William Busfield Ferrand,  Of Rishworth Hall & St Ives. He married Emily Priscilla Harris. Her father was Alfred Harris (1801-1880), there was an Alfred Harris registered living at Ryshworth Hall Bingley, William's Grandmother was called Sarah Ferrand. The Ferrands  held the corn mill in Carleton and were stewards of Skipton Castle; eventually, in the seventeenth century, they moved to Harden Grange and St. Ives, Bingley, becoming clothiers and wool staplers.
William Busfield Ferrand was named in the Will of Silvester Petyt as a person who could advise his Executors and Trustees in the purchase of land and property. His father Johnson Atkinson Busfield.  In 1839 he first assumed by Royal License the name and arms of Ferrand in addition to those of Busfeild but later dropped Busfeild altogether
The 1901 census  reports his total household as:  Governess and House servants: Altar Lane Lodge: 1 gamekeeper and wife.  Cross Gates: 1 coachman with wife and pupil teacher son.  White Cott: Farm bailiff and wife.  Bothy: 3 gardeners. Ancient Bingley is an excellent sauce of the Busfield family line.



Butterfield
  

Frank Butterfield was in partnership with William Gott, who had started an ironmonger's in 1890 and moved into the Royal Arcade in 1901 before taking Frank Butterfield into partnership in 1910, They were possibly Keighley's best known ironmonger's, Gott and Butterfield. The partnership only lasted seven years, ending in 1917. but until closure in 1983 was always referred to as Gott and Butterfield.
Like many of Keighley's business men Frank came from humble beginnings. Frank's grandfather John was a tin plate maker, as was his son and Frank's father, also called John. John junior was married to Mary Hannah Carrodus, she was the daughter of Thomas the hairdresser, and sister to the well known musician John Tiplady Carrodus. Frank's older brother Thomas Alexander Carrodus Butterfield became a pharmacist. Another brother Charles Smith Butterfield moved away from the area and seems to be the only son who married. Sisters Emily and Elizabeth married but the other girls seem to have remained single. The sisters Louise, Maggie, Lucy and Maria were school teachers. 

Gigantic child Isaac Butterfield born 20 Feb 1781 at the age of twenty months, was three feet in height, and weighed nearly 8 stone. 13 inches round his arm, 2 feet 2 inches round his thigh, 16 inches across his shoulders. We do not know if these dimensions may be depended on to be exact, but the child was displayed in London. He died 01 Feb 1783.

Isaac Butterfield of Lane Ends, Oakworth married Sarah Shackleton daughter of Richard of Goose Eye Mill, in partnership with John Bottomley  and Thomas Shackleton. Isaac's son Richard Shackleton Butterfield married Jane Wright Barlow daughter of Robert Barlow of the Mansion House Keighley and Step daughter of  Joseph Craven of Park House, Steeton. 

The following given to us by Allan Smith. The image is the P.S. part of a letter, to who we do not know, but it starts off: Tell James Write .... asking them to ensure that James Wright takes all fire precautions at 'the mansion'. This confirms his stewardship there. In the account of James Wright's funeral, it definitely says that the old Cliffe Hall (or Netherwood Hall as they called it) was dismantled and re-built as 'The Whins' and is from Henry Isaac Butterfield.  We thank Allan Smith for allowing us to use an image of the note.

THE LONDON GAZETTE, DECEMBER 13, 1867
In Chancery. In the Matter of the Act to facilitate Leases and Sales of Settled Estates (10th and 20th Victoria, chapter 120); and in the Matter of the one undivided tenth or other share, by the Will of the late John Butterfield, of Keighley, in the county of York, Worsted Manufacturer and Merchant, deceased, devised, in trust, for his sister Sarah Ann Butterfield and her issue, with remainder over, of and in divers Mills, Messuages, Lands, Tenements and Hereditaments in the parishes of Bradford, Keighley, and Bingley, in the county of York, consisting of or comprising a Worsted Mill, Messuage, fifteen Cottages, and a Cellar Dwelling, and seven Closes of Land at Lumbfoot, near Stanbury, in the parish of Bradford, in the county of York, in the occupation of William Butterfield and others; the Prospect Mills, and five Cottages at Hey Gardens, in the parish of Keighley, in the county of York, with several Pieces of Land adjoining thereto or held therewith, in the said parish of Keighley, four Closes of Land at Lumbfoot aforesaid, called North Heys. and Holmes-over-the-Waters, in the parish of Bradford aforesaid, a capital Messuage, with the Gardens, Pleasure Grounds, and Closes of Land belonging thereto, at Cliffe, in the parish of Keighley aforesaid, occupied by the said William Butterfield; " a Messuage, with Cottages and Combers' Shop adjoining thereto, at Lower Spring-gardens, in the parish of Keighley aforesaid, and a Close of Land adjoining thereto, called Cliffe Close; two seats in the pews numbered 8 and 10 in the south gallery of the Parish Church of Keighley, in the parish of Keighley aforesaid; two Closes of Land at Hainworth Wood Bottom, in the parish of Bingley, in the county of York, called the Little Near Field and the Far Field; three Closes of Land, called the Cliffe Field, the Calf Field, and part of the Turnip Close, situate at Cliffe aforesaid, in the parish of Keighley aforesaid; a Warehouse in Piccadilly, in the borough of Bradford, in the parish of Bradford, in the county of York, occupied by the said William Butterfield; three Pieces of Land, part of the Turnip Close and the Great Cliffe Close, in the parish of Keighley aforesaid; several Plots of Land near Woodhouse, in the parish of Bingley aforesaid, called the Low Holme and the Low Beckside Holme, and High Holme, part of the brow and part of the bed of the Beck or River Worth; a Plot of Land near Woodhouse aforesaid, staked out from a Close called Hainworth Wood, in the parish of Bingley aforesaid; three Closes of Land, called the Two Brows and Holling Royd, near the Cliffe Hall Estate, in the parish of Keighley aforesaid; an annual cent of sixpence, formerly payable to the Duke of Devonshire by the said John Butterfield and William Butterfield, out of Lands in the parish of Keighley aforesaid.  

NOTICE is hereby given, that a Petition in the above  matters was, on the 2nd day of December, 1867, presented to the Right Honorable the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, the Vice-Chancellor Wood, by Richard Shackleton Butterfield, of Woodland, in the parish of Bradford, in the county of York, Esq., William Butterfield, of Cliffe Hall, in the parish of Keighley, in the said county, Esq., and Sarah Ann Butterfield, of Cliffe Hall aforesaid, Spinster, praying that an Order may be made that one equal undivided tenth part of the said mills, messuages, lands, tenements, and hereditaments, which by the will of the said John Butterfield was-devised, upon trust, for the petitioner Sarah Ann Butterfield and her issue, with remainder over, in default of issue, may be sold to the petitioner William Butterfield, at the price of £2900, or at such other price as may be fair and reasonable.—Dated this 10th day of December, 1867. H. B. CLARKE, No. 14, Serjeants Inn, Fleet street, London; Agent for WRIGHT and WATERWORTH, Keighley, Yorkshire, Solicitors to the Petitioners.

Thomas Greenwood and Joseph Butterfield were in partnership at Hanover Mill around 1877.
Matthew Butterfield, Stuff Manufacturer 1829 at Calversyke Hill.

Calvert
Alice Calvert married Hiram Craven of Oakworth. Alice had a brother called Lodge Calvert, his first wife was Elizabeth (Betty) Summerscales, the daughter of William. Lodge second wife was Martha Blakey, the daughter of Samuel, Solicitor and builder of Aireworth Mill. Martha was the widow of Henry Clapham. It was a son from this union, Samuel Blakey Clapham, who being a Worsted Spinner employing 168 males, 75 females, 38 Boys, 29 Girls, at Aireworth Mill (Screw Mill), and with whom Lodge went into business with. 
Lodge by trade was a joiner, who is said to have built  his own first worsted-spinning frame. He started out in 1805 by renting  space and power at Ingrow. 

Carr

A family of Reed and Heald makers.
The is very little written about the Carr family in the local history of Keighley, so it is from John Hodgson's book that we glean a little information. 
William Carr from Scorton near Preston, having become expert in his trade of mechanic came to Keighley around 1790. The grandfather of Joseph of Coney Lane, and Thomas, reed and heald maker of Hanover Street.
He took a place which stood on the site now occupied by the Fleece Inn, the Fleece is now long gone. He was at this place for around eight years working as a jobbing blacksmith and whitesmith. Hodgson tells us that Joseph Town had said William was the cleverest mechanic in the town. 1798 he resided in a house later known as the Golden Lion Inn, also long gone. Hodgson believes that the house was quite possibly built for William. He seems to have given up business about 1817, William Dean taking over the property for his cabinet making business. Hodgson also tells us that three of Williams sons were engaged in machine making. Edward who had his shop in Low Street, John repaired flyers and guides, and also a noted gunsmith. Thomas moved to Bingley, and for a long time was a machine maker, his son John taking over but producing manly steam engines. 
At some point George Richardson had been in partnership with Carr.

William made purchases from William Smith the clockmaker (Prince Smith father). Berry Smith served his apprentice with William Carr.
We were able to find some entries in the parish  register for this family, but there was a noticeable absence of there being a full record, acting on a hunch we turned our direction to the Roman Catholic's, and we were able to find some further entries.
Edward
: From the baptism of one of the children, we know that Edward was at living at Low Street in 1824. Edward married Susannah Pearson, Edward, Susannah and son Agustin are living in Coney Lane in 1841, and Edward is there in 1851 and 1861, dyeing in 1863. We find Susannah and son Augustine at Greengate, both Susannah and Edward are shown married on the census. Augustine is an iron moulder, in 1871 he is living in the Lodging house in Turkey Street with his wife and children, and he is the head of the house, 1871 the family are in Great Marsden, by 1881 back in Keighley and at 64 Turkey Street,  he is listed as a widow and a lodger. Edwards eldest son, Joseph, is Spindle maker and Mechanic on Coney Lane. Another son Thomas, an Iron moulder. 1841 we find him at Greengate, 1851 Turkey Street, 1861 the census says Leeds Street, with occupation Iron moulder and lodging house keeper. Probate in 1868 says he is a lodging house keeper of Turkey Street. 
John: Gun and whitesmith 1829 High Street, and in  1841 living in Collage Street. Son Joseph a reed maker lived Pinfold and Westgate, Joseph married twice, he had at least seven children with his wife Sarah. Second wife Bridget Haley a widower who had been married to Thomas Ryan, came with a ready made family of three boys. Johns other son Thomas was married to Jane Caygill, and they produced a large family. His eldest son Mark William Carr, 1881 216 Oakworth Road. 1891 79 Oakworth Road. Had a son Frederick William Carr, 79 Oakworth Road. Thomas William Carr, 1851 Turkey Street. 1851 Leeds Street, two doors away from the other Thomas Carr. 
Thomas and Jane had a son called Thomas, either this one or his father was a well known breeder of Airedale Terriers and won many prizes at shows. Young Thomas married Alice Greenwood, and their son Francis Henry Carr became a Catholic priest. 
Another son of Thomas and Jane, Sam, married Janet Murgatroyd, they went to live in Preston and Sam was a Cabinet Maker. 
John also a son of Thomas and Jane, became a Catholic priest. 
Thomas: Moved to Bingley and in the 1822 trade directory is described as machine maker and worsted spinner. 1837 machine maker Main Street. His son John is recorded as an engine maker. John Carr & Co Engineers.
Sarah: Married Samuel Smith a native of Keighley, and they were married at Keighley. They moved to a farm at Wyersdale, Lancashire, interestingly two farms away there is a Richard Carr farmer.


While researching the above family we came across another William Carr, while we have not been able to ascertain for definite that he was related to the above family, we greatly suspect that he was William Carr the elder's son. 
William was married to Anna Corry, she might have been his second wife. William is a Mechanic on Brunswick Street. Daughter Jane married Joshua Robinson, manufacturer from Hill Top. 
We were able to trace the baptism of two of William and Anna's children in the RC registers of St Anne's Keighley. 

Son Edward Carr a Clock and watch dealer in Market Place. 1861 and his description is Clock and watch dealer & eating house. Daughter Margaret  married Joseph Scaife, Reed and Heald maker Cook Lane, but in 1871 was  livery stables manager and living at Adelaide Street. 
Edward Carr (wife Sarah nee Smith married 1845) owner of the Haymarket Hotel died 5 December 1868 leaving his property to his daughter Margaret Ann Scaife. Margaret Ann Scaife subsequently died 16 March 1869 leaving the property including the pub in trust to her daughter Margaret Ann Scaife (an infant). The ownership of the property was on 3 July 1871 legally annexed to Sarah Carr until her grand daughter came of lawful age to inherit. Margaret Ann Carr married Joseph Scaife of Keighley in Bradford in 1868. The 1871 census living in Adelaide St Keighley Joseph Scaife widower daughter Mary (sic) Ann aged 2 & his mother in law Sarah Carr widow & retired refreshment house keeper. 
Joseph Scaife was the son of Robert & Ellen Scaife licensees of the Golden Lion in Low Street from 1876 onwards. Joseph died 4 June 1881. 
Margaret Ann Scaife Jnr married David Burwin of Oakworth in 1886 who was subsequently named as owner of the Haymarket Hotel 2 January 1891. David & Margaret Ann Burwin continued as owners of The Haymarket up to its closure on 21 December 1906. The Burwins were living at Bank House Oakworth in 1901 with Margaret Ann's Grandmother Sarah Carr 
David Burwin died 18 September 1915 leaving £7909.0.11d to Margaret Ann. Margaret Ann was found dead 10 August 1920 last seen alive 27 July 1920 leaving her estate £5662.3.8d to George Scaife brother of her father we believe. We don't know when the Burwins sold the property but it was offered at auction 27 February 1960 at that time in use as a furniture store. In view of Edward Carr leaving his property to his daughter while his wife was living is indicative that he & Sarah were at odds.

Carrodus

Photo: John Tiplady Carrodus.
A name well known in the town for music. Two sisters married into the Carrodus family, Elizabeth and Hannah Tiplady. Hannah married John Carrodus a grocer at 29 High Street and well known in the town for his abilities on the violin, they had at least seven children. Son Alexander seems to have had a hard time, he moved with his wife and family to Bradford and worked there as a wool sorter, but in 1871 he is back in Keighley in the workhouse. By 1881 he is back in Bradford living in lodgings without any of his family and is unemployed. One of his children also named Alexander seems to have resorted to desperate measures to survive. 2nd of April 1860 he was sentenced to six months imprisonment for inflicting grievous bodily arm. 19th May 1870 he was sentenced to 18 months for shop breaking and committing felony within. 
John's daughter Hannah married Charles Midgley  a boot and shoe maker. 
Two of John's daughters Elizabeth and Sarah, became pregnant out of wedlock. Elizabeth a professor of music, was known to have a good singing voice, Swire Smith who was also well known for having a good voice took lessons from Elizabeth. 
John's oldest son also called John, a hairdresser, married  Elizabeth Bortoft and they went on to have at least two children. John Tiplady Carrodus moved to Oldham working as a Letter press printer and Homeopathic Practitioner. One of his sons, Harry working as an hairdresser. 
John's other son, Thomas Alexander Carrodus was the father of the man who would become famous. Thomas Alexander was a hairdresser, music-seller,  violinist, leader of the Keighley Choral Society, and a member of the Halifax Philharmonic Society. 
Thomas youngest son Frank was a draper. 
The next son Frederic Alexander starts out describing himself as a hairdresser, but by 1881 he is by trade a musician. 
The eldest son John Tiplady Carrodus.  Died 13th July 1895 London. The death of John Tiplady Carrodus, the violinist, is recorded. He was 59 years old. John Tiplady Carrodus was a native of Braithwaite, near Keighley, in Yorkshire. His first important public appearance was in Hanover-square Rooms, London, at a concert given by Charles Salomans in 1849. He was then 18 years old. Subsequently his friends in Bradford strongly urged his claims to appear at the first Bradford Festival in 1853, and backed by a testimonial obtained from Sopher, he played a solo. Afterwards he was engaged at the Royal Italian Opera, the Phil harmonic Concerts, and Mr. (now Sir) Charles Fix this text Halle's Manchester orchestra. Eventually he became leader of all three of these societies, and played concertos at the Philharmonic, Crystal Palace, and other important musical societies. He led the orchestra, Three Choir, and Leeds Festivals, and published some violin solos and studies. He leaves several sons, all of whom hold positions of distinction. (Taken from a newspaper cutting).


Cavendish
 
William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire  en.wikipedia.org known as Lord Cavendish of Keighley between 1831 and 1834 and 2nd Earl of Burlington of the 2nd creation between 1834 and 1858, was the great-grandson of the 4th Duke of Devonshire, grandson of the 1st Earl of Burlington, and son of William Cavendish. Amongst other things he owned a number of pubs in Keighley. The Duke of Devonshire gave nine acres  of land which became  Devonshire Park, on September 4, 1888. Devonshire Street is on land once owned by the Duke.

Cawood
Joshua Cawood b 1734 in Otley, the son of a nail maker. From records we have ascertained that in 1786 he was living at Long Lee, Keighley. 
His eldest son James married Hannah Clapham, James Cawood was at Stubbing Mill, It became known as Screw Mill when Cawood, Wright and Binns made screws here, James Cawood left in 1789 and Rowland Watson became a partner at Greengate. We have not found the death record for James, but he must have died before 1802, because his widow Hannah remarries in 1802 James Scholefield. We suspect he dies before 1798, because in that year we can see that Hannah Cawood is paying rent to Cavendish. 
Eldest son  of James and Hannah was Joshua, married twice and was an Inn Keeper in Keighley before turning to farming. He was licensee of the Old Sun Inn at Keighley. This was opposite the Devonshire Arms. Joshua was certainly there in 1810.
In the Lancaster Gazette and General Advertiser, Saturday, May 13, 1815, we found a sad item, On Friday night, a youth of about seven years of age, the son of Joshua Cawood, Inn Keeper of Keighley, strayed from his father house about a month prior, and who had been diligently searched for at enormous cost,  was found drowned in a pond not far from the town. 
In the newspaper of Sept 1810 we find an article for the ringing of the bells, all the ringers seem to be people of note of the town, one of these is Joshua Cawood on 5th bell, they played a complete peel of Cambridge Surprise, consisting of 5132 true changes and was preformed in three hours and two minutes.  
Joshua and his first wife, Nanny Sharpe named their eldest son James, he would have been about 11 when they found his brother Samuel dead in the pond, he became a butcher, he also seems to have bred prize winning pigs. His son
Joshua became a teacher and moved away from Keighley, he was married with a family. March 1837 was a tough time for James and Sarah, they buried three children in the space of four days.
Joshua and Nanny's youngest daughter Mary did the same, became a teacher, and she seems to have remained single. Joshua and Nanny's daughter Sarah Ann is at Rishworth Hall in 1841, we assume in service, Fredrik Greenwood is head of household. 
Joshua and Mary's second eldest son also called Joshua was Grandfather to  Sarah Barrett who married Inn Keeper William Fowlds. Eldest daughter Mary married Richard Wilkinson of Long Lee. Their daughter Martha Wilkinson married William Anderton of Hallas Hall, Cullingworth. 
Youngest child of Joshua and Mary was David Cawood, married Mary Smith, the illegitimate daughter of Mary Smith, he emigrated to South Africa taking all his family with him. From the death of an infant child in 1813 we can see that for a short time he was living in Harden near Bingley, we wonder if he's taken employment with William Anderton, or if he is working on his own account in a small way. At his marriage and the birth of some of his children we note that he states he is a manufacturer, from one other baptism we have noted his abode as "Way Bank Hall", we can only assume as was often the case that this was a small dwelling, such as Gambling Hall at Bocking, which was a few weavers cottages. We did find mention of him in a newspaper, The Hull Packet, on Tuesday, February 10, 1801 they report that Joseph Brooke and Thomas Bottomley robbed David Cawood of Keighley on the highway at Morton, of five penny pieces and a quantity of worsted yarn on the 12th of January. 
Second youngest is Jesse Cawood, he married Betty Hartley, some time soon after his marriage he moved to Hetton with Bordley living in property belonging to Benjman Ferrand Esquire, around 1798 he returned to Keighley. We find him in Baines's Directory and Gazetteer Directory, in 1822 running a school, and in 1828 a book shop. He died in August 1828.
Thomas was another son of
Joshua and Mary, his wife seems to have died at a young age. In 1841 we find him living alone at Duncan Street, Mystic Place.

Clapham
In 1675 the Clapham family lost most of their Exley Head lands due to a depression of the textile trade.Most of the land was sold to John Foster, he left it in his will to his nephew John Hird. The Keighley lands were the next to go and sold to a syndicate comprising of Robert Allenson, Robert Ramsden, Richard Aske and Edmand Wildman. they sold the property in 1686 to to William Calverley. John Rawson of Stubbin House bought the Thwaites land in 1708. The Utley branch were able to hang on to their lands until 1762 when William went into bankruptcy. 
At one time this family owned a great deal of land and property in Keighley. Henry had lands in Thwaites, his son John born at Thwaites married in 1694 Martha Holmes, she had previously been married to William Smith the address at the time of his death in 1690 being Utley Manor House.  John and Martha had at least three children, Holmes, Mary and William. 
Mary
married Thomas Rishworth of Gillgrange, The Rishworths also held lands in Thwaites, whether these were held before, or if they obtained them via the marriage we have not yet ascertained. 
William
lived in Thwaites and had at least four children. 
Holmes
born 1699 described as a gentleman farmer with lands at Heaton married Mary Wright of Clough House, Oakworth. After Holmes died son John took over. 
John
's occupation is described as Woolstapler and Manufacture of Stuff Pieces. 
John's daughter Sarah married George Greenwood of Moorhouse, Oxenhope. 
Another daughter, Martha married James Greenwood, Springhead Mill, Oakworth, cousin of
George. 
Holmes, son of John married Jane Rishworth. Of their children son John took up the occupation of  Paper merchant along with brothers Thomas and William, conducting business in Morton near Bingley.
Sister Sarah married John Wright gentleman of Lower Laith. 
Brother Holmes born 1793 seems to have had a varied occupation, first working for his father Holmes Clapham Holmes & Sons, Utley, Woolstapler, later he is described as a farmer, in 1851 a paper merchant, no doubt in connection with his brothers. By 1861 he is farming 70 acres at Utley.  
Henry married Martha Blakey, after his death she married Lodge Calvert. The company Calvert & Clapham was made up of Martha's son's, Samuel Blakey Clapham, Blakey Calvert, and. Edward Calvert.

Clapham Bros., Ltd., Ironfounders
John Clapham born 1761 at Exley Head, married to Isabel (Tabby) Smith, their youngest son John was a wheelwright.
John's eldest son Samuel, was married to Grace Newton Sugden. Samuel had been Mechanic at Messrs Marriners, worsted spinners, of Greengate. John, son of Samuel and Grace was an Iron and Brass Founder. He married twice, his second wife was Mary, known as Mrs. James as she was his son,  James Sharp Clapham widow. James Sharp Clapham and Mary had produced a son, John, an engineer, he was married to  Marian, the daughter of Thomas Wilkinson Weatherhead, Maltster from Bingley.
Joseph, son of Samuel and Grace, was a worsted spinner and Mechanic. We found an interesting item relating to Joseph,
Journal of the Society for Psychical Research: Volume 2. We, the undersigned, have just sat at a séance held at 39, Devonshire Street, Keighley [the residence of Mr. Clapham, one of the witnesses. Dr. Monck was the medium. By raps we were directed to procure a hammer and tacks, ...
Thomas, also a son of Samuel and Grace, had the distinction of being the first chairman of Clapham Bros Ltd. 
Another son, William, seems, like his brothers to have been a bit of an inventor:
William Clapham, Browfield, Keighley ; son of Samuel Clapham, of Greengate, Keighley ; born at Keighley, April 28th, 1825 ; educated privately. Chairman of the Directors of the firm of Clapham Bros., Ltd., Ironfounders, of Keighley 
Clapham. 10th May 1853 patents applied for and patents granted 1143. John Clapham, Thomas Clapham, and William Clapham, of Wellington Foundry, in Keighley, in the County of York, for an invention for- "Improvements in moulding and casting iron pipes." Letters Patent sealed 
MIDGLEY. SUGDEN. Clapham. 31st December 1860. patents applied for and patents granted 3194. John Midgley, John Sugden, and William Clapham, all of Keighley, in the County of York, for an invention for-" Improvements in trombones."
Newton was married twice, his second wife Maria Wilkins was the step daughter of Inn keeper of the Commercial Inn, Church Green, William Weatherhead


Clough

The Clough Family owned a number of houses, Grove Mill House, Bracken Bank House,  Haincliffe House.  
John Clough, Ingrow Mill, was registered in 1891 living at Haincliffe House. Sir John Clough,  Born 1836.  Knighted in 1914.  Died 03 May 1922 at `Haincliffe'. His wife, Thamar, and daughter of Prince Smith also born in 1836. died at `Haincliffe' on 09 March 1909, and so never lived to share his finest hour in the presence King George V. 
Photos and additional information provided by Allan Smith. The 3rd image is from a note book, taken from the Minute Book of Hermit Hole Methodist Chapel, of which Sir John was a Trustee, the item dated 28th Feb 1914 and mentions a Sunday School and Chapel, sadly we do not know which one. Names mentioned are: Ellis Ratcliffe, John Ernshaw and William Joy. The last part makes reference to Sir John Clough receiving his Knighthood from King George.

Sir John Clough

Thamar Smith

 
At some time William Clough lived  at Knoll, (Knowle) House, he also ran Grove Mill, Ingrow, owned by Illingworth  rented to John & Robert Clough. later  Illingworth sold to Robert  Clough,  Robert Clough started Grove mills,  in 1818 at first as a rental and then purchased in 1831. Cloughs had Mills in Becks Road (Beck Mills) and in Coney Lane.
In 1822 John Clough lived at the mill house.
Percy Clough is registered here in 1913. Percy is also registered as living at The Knowle. Henry Smith Clough J.P (Sir John's son) is living  at  Red Holt, Hainworth in 1913. Son of Henry Smith Clough. Alan, served in the First Bradford Pals Regiment, you can view his service on the Men of Worth project
Robert
Clough lived at Woodworth House, Halifax Road.


Information from Allan Smith:
Dates of Henry and Elizabeth Clough of 'Red Holt'. 1. Henry Smith Clough. Born 08 May 1863, 'Bracken Bank'. Died Duke of York Home, Bradford, 04 September 1948. Cremated 07 September 1948, Scholemoor, Bradford. 2. Elizabeth Ambler. Born 08 October 1866, 3 Oak Terrace, Manningham, Bradford. Died 17 January 1949, 'Red Holt'. Cremated 21 January 1949, also at Scholemoor. Elizabeth Ambler was the daughter of Jeremiah Ambler who built British Mohair Spinners, Midland Mills, Bradford covering two acre of land.
The 'Wilkinson' connection comes in through the marriage of this William Weatherhead and Betty Wilkinson on Tuesday 20 April 1802 at Keighley Parish Church. The William Weatherhead who became Mayor of Keighley three times in succession between 1887 and 1890 is a descendant of this family. She recalled that as children, Betty and herself were called in from the garden at 'Red Holt', were given clean white aprons, told to take their shoes off, and taken into the lounge with family and servants to hear the first radio in Keighley. She said that they were made to sit on a settee, and she was so young that her legs wouldn't touch the floor. And that one day, in the garden, they discovered a bird on it's nest. A man could be seen approaching, so they indicated to him to 'shhhhhh'. He came and peeped, and on seeing the gardener coming, told him to do the same. The man was very well dressed and took much interest, and all four of them stood and saw the bird on its nest. Only later did my mother realise that the man she'd told to 'shhhhhh' was Sir John Clough. 
She told me that Sir John had a reputation for being a kindly man, and in spite of his station as a manufacturer, magistrate and a hard fighter for the Liberal cause, had a happy knack of surprising people with his disarming humility. 
I remember going to 'Red Holt', carol singing with Wesley Place Choir for the National Children's Home. 'Miss Hester' and 'Mr. Philip' would stand in the hall and listen, then Philip would put his hand in his back pocket, and do the necessary. It was the same at 'The Knowle' with 'Mr. Percy', and he would do likewise, and then pass a box of chocolates round. And so it was perhaps fitting that my parents went to live at 'Red Holt' in their latter years. Even my father had a connection. His mother and her sister, Effie and Rachael Whiteoak were laundresses to the Cloughs of `Haincliffe,' and when their father died in 1898, the Cloughs sent their condolences, but emphasised that they still wanted their laundry on time!! 

Another Branch of the family was Sam & Sir Robert Clough. Sam Clough was living at Steeton Hall in 1911, he had Clough's Mill at Steeton.  Sir Robert  was originally in The Colonial Combing Company,  Dalton Lane. Then he went to the Keighley Gas and Oil Engine Company, Dalton Lane. He went bankrupt (and had to resign his seat in Parliament) He had to leave Oakworth Court, Station Road, Oakworth. - he also used to live at Yew Bank, Skipton Road. His eldest son was killed cycling on Skipton Road.  he went to live at Greenbank, Greenhead Lane.  He was a mayor of Keighley and first Conservative M.P. for Keighley 1918 - 1922. and had Clough's Mill at Steeton. Sam's daughter Dorothy was prominent in the Girl Guides a movement with which she worked all her life.  

Dorothy Clough:
Best known for her involvement in the Girl Guides, Steeton Hall a regular venue for camping badges and other Guiding events.

b = born bp = baptised m = married d = died Kly = Keighley Kwk = Kildwick d/o = daughter of

1. John CLOUGH of White Hill, Keighley Parish (b. c1567) m. Alice WRIGHT of Slippery Ford, 11Dec1592, Kly.   
2. John CLOUGH of Knowl Top, Sutton Brow, yeoman (bp.06Feb1596, Kly) m. Ellen, 1630, d/o William PIGHILLS of Lawnde-in Stairs, Haworth Parish.   
3. Robert CLOUGH (bp.15Aug1641, Kwk), bought (with his brother, William), the Valley and Knowl Top, 11Feb1674, from John BRIGG of Oxenhope and his mother, Grace, widow of John BRIGG snr. of Oxenhope. This Robert CLOUGH m. Elizabeth, d/o William & Jane NETHERWOOD of Sutton-in-Craven on 06Aug 1672 at Kwk. Elizabeth was bp.03Oct1647, Kwk & died 1726.   
4. William CLOUGH of Cononley (bp.09Jul1676, Kwk). Sold for £272-2s, his farm on Sutton Brow to David BRIGG of Calversyke Hill and Judith BRIGG of Laycock, widow and Trustee of Thomas BRIGG of Guard House, yeoman. This William CLOUGH m. Martha (bp.17Jul1682, Kwk, d/o William & Sarah LISTER) on 02Dec1703, Kwk.  4.  Richard HATTERSLEY (b.1705, Ecclesfield, Sheffield - d.1742)   m. Elizabeth RYLES, 31Dec 1733, Ecclesfield. She was born 1712, Ecclesfield).

5. Robert CLOUGH of Sutton-in-Craven (b.30Oct1716 - d.29Mar1801). Inherited Valley and Knowl Top from his uncle. m. for his 1st wife Ann CRAGG of Steeton, widow, at Kwk, 04Sep1739. They sold, 27Feb1741, to Thomas GARFORTH of Steeton, a cottage and garden there for £13-4s, and two closes at Sutton called Jackey and Snegill, containing six days work.  5.  Jonathan HATTERSLEY (b.1739, Ecclesfield)  m. Mary PARKIN, 25Nov1760, Ecclesfield. She was born 1741, Ecclesfield - d.1807).
 

6. John CLOUGH of Bent (bp.03May1752, Kwk - d.18Jan1833 aged 80), which he purchased, 22Dec1798, from the Rev. Stephen BARRTET, rector of Hatfield, Kent. m. Jane LEACH of Silsden Moor, 16May1780, Kwk). She died 05Apr1828 aged 75. 6.  Richard HATTERSLEY (b.24Sep1761, Ecclesfield.  d.19Jul1829, Keighley. Int. Kly Parish Church).  m. 11Apr1784, Sheffield Cathedral, Charlotte (b.04Oct1763, Sheffield - d.31Dec1842, Kly) d/o Samuel & Hepzibah LONGDON, nee HOLDSWORTH.
7. John CLOUGH of Steeton (b.1791, Sutton-in-Craven. bp.17Jun1791, Kwk. d.25Jan1872 aged 80. int.Kly Parish Church). Founded the business at Ingrow. m. Jane PEARSON, 06 May1825, Kwk. She died 07Mar1854, Ingow House. int. Kly Parish Church.  7.  George HATTERSLEY (b.1789, Sheffield - d.09Feb1869, Kly)  m. Elizabeth MITCHELL, 10Jan1820, Kly. She was born 1792, d/o John & Sarah MITCHELL of Eastwood Sq., Kly.  Died 02Oct1835, Kly.  Int. Kly Parish Church.
8. Thomas CLOUGH of 'The Shroggs', Steeton. (bp.19Aug1827, Kly) d. 1911. m. Hannah DAWSON who was b.1831.  8.  Richard Longdon HATTERSLEY (bp.21Jan1821, Kly).  m. Ann SMITH, 1846, Kly). She was born 1840.
9. Samuel CLOUGH (b.1864, Steeton. d.1935). m. Martha Mitchell HATTERSLEY, 1901, Kly.)  9.  Martha Mitchell HATTERSLEY (b.1862, Kly - m. Samuel CLOUGH,1891, Kly). He was born 1864, Steeton - d.1935).
10. Dorothy Hattersley CLOUGH of Steeton Hall. b.16Mar1900. d.1981.  10.  Dorothy Hattersley COUGH of Steeton Hall.  b.16Mar1900.  Died 1981.
It is interesting to note, working down the family tree from the top, that Dorothy Clough is of the same generation as Henry Smith Clough of Ingrow, even though she was the same age as Henry's daughter, Hester Mary, to within only two days! And the two families are not as closely related as one would imagine. In spite of the common bonds of Steeton and textiles, both Dorothy and the aforesaid Henry Clough would have to go back to their great great grandparents, John Clough and Jane Leach, before they found a common ancestor. Apparently, Dorothy Clough had an older brother, Edwin, who died in infancy, and I believe there were others who came on after her, from whom there are descendants. 

Sarah Eliza Clough, daughter of John and Jane Person m William Haggas in 1853
William Clough
son of Thomas and Hannah Dawson married Louisa Clapham, daughter of William of the Wellington Foundry. 
Robert Clough
son of John and Nancy Weatherhead married Susannah, daughter of Prince Smith. Roberts brother John also married a daughter of Prince Smith, Thamer Smith.
Fanny Clough
daughter of Robert and Ann Howett married Thomas Waterworth Solicitor.
Elizabeth Clough
daughter of Robert and Ann Howett married Joseph Smith reed maker of Beechcliffe House.
Hilda Emma Clough
daughter of John and Thamer Smith, married John Waterworth Solicitor, (grandson of Thomas Waterworth Solicitor).
Jane Clough
married Edward George Spencer of Malsis Hall.
Charlotte Ross Clough
daughter of Percy Clough married Geoffrey Haggas son of James Ellison Haggas. 
Emma Lund Clough daughter of Robert and Mary Lund of Grove Mill married James Midgley Hattersley son of George.

Cockshott
Edmund Henry Cockshott, Thomas Sugden Cockshott & and William Cockshott, of Morecambe were  in partnership in the business of Fellmongers until 1868. Edmund Henry Cockshott & Thomas Sugden Cockshott went on to Bottled Beer Merchants and Aerated Water Manufacturers.

Colbeck
Thomas Colbeck owned the Golden Fleece, his son also called Thomas, a grocer was introduced to Methodism in 1742, he  purchased land in Temple row and built the first chapel in 1754. Elizabeth was the daughter of Thomas Snr. she married William Clapham of Exley Head.

Cook
Portrait of Martha by William Gibbs Copyright Bradford Museum

Martha Cook was landlady at the Black Horse, she was also the postmistress 1785 - 1833, she was daughter of the first. postmistress Mrs. Irvin. The family ran the post. office in Keighley for 127 years. Martha Cooks son James Cook held the franchise for the postal service for many years. He was also long term lessee at the Black Horse until 1878 though he was never licensee here employing sub tenants as licensees.

Corlass
Thomas Corlass born in 1755 built Hope Mill in the late 1700's for cotton, Hodgson tells us that in 1805 he faired so badly and could carry the burden no longer he went and had the boiler raked out and gave up.  He had been in partnership with son William. William had been born in 1784 at Barrowford. William was also involved at Greengate mill, Built by John Craven of Guardhouse 1791 on land bought from the Crown which had once belonged to Joseph Stell. John died in 1808 and he left the mill to his daughter and her husband William Corlass of Barrowford. He moved to Reediford where he not only took a mill but became part of the Nelson Circuit, He commenced a class at Reedyford, and another at Barrowford, and for years sustained the office of local preacher. William's sons Thomas and John took on Hope Mill and rebuilt it, it was later taken over by John Feather. Williams other son Joseph was manager at a mill, we do not know if this was Hope Mill, but we do know that unlike his brothers he stayed in Keighley and became a joiner.
Thomas Corlass born 1715 and father of the above Thomas who built Hope Mill was an Inn keeper on Church Green. One of Thomas other sons was John, and his son John would also be an Inn keeper and a joiner. John's other son Robert would become a butcher. Thomas the Inn keeper born 1715 had a son by the name of George who lived at Hope Street and was a joiner.

Cowling
We have been able to take the Cowling family back to John Cowling born 1672, he was married to Isabella Hird of Utley. Their daughter Ann married Hugh Flesher, and it was their daughter Agnes who married William Marriner.
Ann's brother, Joshua Cowling married Mary Coates, who's great, great grandfather was John Leach of Riddlesden Hall.
Joshua Cowling was the grandson of Joshua and Mary. He was born in 1759 at Well House, near Silsden. He came to Keighley and set up manufacturing stuff pieces, starting at Laycock, then to Well Head near Harehills, next he built a house and warehouse in Wellington Street, and then moved to Braithwaite. A story that Hodgson relates to us in his book is that he would travel on his cob with a drawboy piece attached behind the saddle in order to avoid paying the full duty and  only paying the duty of of a trades man, so instead of paying a guinea he paid only ten shillings and sixpence per year.
Joshua's uncle, Samuel Cowling, also married a Leach, he married Ann (Nancy) Leach, the granddaughter of David Leach of Riddlesden Hall.


Craven
There were two prominent Craven families in the area.
Craven's of Oakworth:
Hiram Craven
of Dockroyd. Builder of roads, mills, bridges and houses, He built the turn pike from Hebden Bridge over Cockhill Moor to Keighley. He was married to Alice Calvert, sister of Lodge Calvert, Worsted Manufacture.
Their children, John married Frances Nowell, Known as John one eyed Craven, he worked on the Union Canal.
Abraham architect in York where he died of Cholera, married Elizabeth Sugden
Martha married William Sugden. 
Hiram married Ann Iveson, daughter of Thomas Howgill Iveson, Worsted Spinner of Greengate. Hiram lived at Ebor House, Haworth. Hiram Craven went into partnership at Higher Providence Mill with William Sugden. Hiram Craven sold  Ebor Mill, Haworth to Edwin Merrall.
Edward, married Mary Willans, the only daughter of Joseph Nowell, brother of Frances Nowell married to John Craven. Edward Craven was killed shortly after his marriage on works at Whitby.  
Alice married John Taylor of the Manor House, Stanbury.
Hiram the elder had a brother William who married one of the Greenwood daughters, we have not yet ascertained which one. This branch of the Craven family do not seemed to have faired just has well in trade or marriage.
Janet daughter of John and Frances Nowell married James Lund of the Knowle, Keighley then later Malsis Hall.
Alice John and Frances Nowell married Thomas Brigg Laycock, Worsted Spinner & Manufacturer.
Craven's of Keighley
Robert
Craven. Roberts widow married Thomas Briggs from Gaurdhouse in 1674.
Joseph Craven
, who descended from the Craven's of Steeton, died 1751 he was a yeoman weaver from  Guardhouse, employed weavers and turned out an average of 84 pieces of cloth per year between 1740 and 1745. Joseph was the grandfather of John Craven of Walk mill who died 1831. Joseph was the great great grandfather of the J. & J. Craven of Low mill, Walk mill and Dalton Mill.
John
Craven operated Greengate and Walk Mill and married widow of Thomas Brigg Mary Clapham in 1771. John Craven died 9th Jan 1808 at his residence at Walk Mill. Before his marriage it is believed that he lived in Steeton but then moved  to Guard House. He bought a large part of Stells estate after Stell's downfall. He bought Walk Mill. In 1783 he went into partnership with his stepson Thomas Brigg & Abraham Shackleton. They ran a cotton spinning business at Walk mill, Stell Mill and in the top rooms over Joseph Hartley's. He is also registered at Low Mill.
Sarah
Craven daughter of John and Mary Brigg nee Clapham married William Corlass, Wesleyan Methodist of Hope and Greengate Mill and later of Reediford, Colne 1804. Corlass would acquire the mill via his marriage. 
John
Craven of  Walk Mill married Elizabeth Rishworth descendant of the Rushworth's of Thwaites about 1802.
Mary
married grocer John Laycock, the children of this pair did not fair as well as their cousins, and we cannot help wondering how their second youngest son John Laycock felt in 1871, a widower living in Aireworth St with four of his nine children and working as a railway porter while his cousins in the Craven branch of the family were living in grand houses like Guard House, Park House, Steeton, Walk Mill and Strong Close.  

Joseph
Craven of Park House, Steeton, married the widow Mary Barlow nee Wright 1833. Park House, was built in 1630 with additions made in 1685 and 1693, where Mrs. S. Wrathall was a valued member of the household staff  there was also another farm at Brow End near Laycock which in 1674 belonged to the family. Joseph Craven son of John built Strong Close House, Keighley. in 1864. 
John
son of John, Stuff manufacturer of Low Mill and Broom House, married Mary Jane Brigg daughter of John and Margaret Ann Marriner 1859.
John Henry
of Strong Close and later Beeches House, son of Joseph Henry and Elizabeth Spencer married Hester Wilson Spencer of Raygill Hall, Lothersdale 1882. In 1906 Nan, wife of John Henry Craven of the Beeches, was one of Keighley’s first woman drivers on the roads.
Mary
Elizabeth Craven daughter of Joseph Henry Craven and Elizabeth Spencer married John Wilson Spencer of Raygill Limestone Quarries 1889.
4th Jan 1889 Death of William Young Craven brother of Joseph Henry and son of the late John Craven, of Keighley, at his residence at York. He was interred at Keighley Cemetery.

Currer 
Currers of Kildwick, Gawthorpe, and Marley
stowell.org.nz
- Kildwick Hall-Holling Hall (Ilkley) - Marley Hall. Currer, Henry was named in the Will of Silvester Petyt
1652 Sir Thomas Hartop and son William sell Friars Head to Henry Currer of Gawthorpe in Bingley for £2400.
Henry Currer of Bolling Hall, (cousin of Henry Currer of Marley) youngest daughter Elizabeth, married Nicholas Walker, of Gawthorpe Hall
The Currer family had connections with Kildwick since at least the 16th century. Haworth Currer (1690-1744) had two children: Henry died without issue in 1756 leaving his sister, Sarah Currer, as the heiress. Haworth Currer's sister, Dorothy, was the second wife of Richard Richardson of Bierley and their son was John Richardson of Kildwick (1721-June 1784), who assumed the name of Currer to succeed to the estates left him by the will of his cousin Sarah Currer, that is, the seat at Kildwick and all her estates. The estates then passed to John's nephew Henry Richardson Currer (1758-Nov 1784) who had taken the name of Currer just prior to his own death, to inherit. The last daughter and sole heiress was Frances Mary Richardson Currer (1785-1861), a remarkable and scholarly woman, who amassed a large and important library in her later home, Eshton Hall.
The Rev Henry Richardson took the name of Currer shortly before his death in 1784, on succeeding to the estates of Sarah Currer, after the death of his uncle, John Currer. His widow, nee Margaret Clive Wilson, then married her cousin, Mathew Wilson of Eshton Hall. Richardson's daughter and sole heiress was Frances Mary Richardson Currer (1785-1861)
Ann the daughter of William Currer and Ann Stokoe married Rawdon Briggs, they had a son also called Rawdon and he married Matilda Greenwood, the daughter of John of the Knowl, Keighley.

Dawson
Robert Dawson born 1766 was a wine merchant, he was married to Elizabeth Knowlton. Eldest son Charles Knowlton Dawson followed the same trade. Another son William Knowlton Dawson had Dawson's Mill in the 1800's Worsted Spinners & Stuff Manufacturers but later went into the wine trade. The mill was located at the end of what we now know as Dawson Road. Robert Knowlton Dawson continued to have an interest in Sutcliffe Field until mid 1800's, which was where his brother William operated his mill.

Ellison
Jonas Ellison Inn keeper Crown Inn, Church Street, son John follows in fathers footsteps. John had at least nine children. Martha married Scotsman and tap man of the Crown Tap, Church Street David Murray. Ann married Excise officer Thomas Fulton. Frances married James Smith machine maker of Threaproyd. Son Jonas also an Inn Keeper at Market Place Tavern. Jonas daughter Sarah Elizabeth Ellison married Inn Keeper of the Lord Rodney also a Chemist, George Falshaw. Jonas brother John took over his father Jonas place at the Crown Inn, Church Street. John Ellison was making cotton at Low Bridge Mill around 1813. 
Thomas Ellison died age 28 in Nov 1782, his wife Isabel died a few days later, their  address was Cotton Mill.

Eltofte - Eltoft
A name we used to see in the Parish Registers back in the 15 & 1600's, they often married into gentry. They lived at Ryshworth Hall,  Christopher Eltofte possessed Ryshworth in 1519. It was by them sold in 1591 to Edward Bynns. The manor of Farnhill, Kildwick parish, came to the Eltoftes through the marriage of an Eltofte to Margaret, daughter of John de Coplay, who was lord of Farnhill in 1385-6.
Sale of all lands owned by Eltoft, lord of the manor of Oxenhope, between 1589-92.

Feather
The best known person was Timmy Feather handloom weave. This name continues to be well represented in the area.


Ferrand  
They were most certainly  family of note, not only rich but complex, and married into other wealthy families,
Busfeild and Currer seem to have been favorites. 
Hugh Currer, esq. of Kildwick, born 1608,  married Blanch, daughter of Thomas Ferrand, esq. of Carleton.
Benjamin Ferrand married Anne Currer before marrying Sarah Dobson.
Benjamin Ferrand. Born: 18th May 1730 Died: 20th October 1803 Son of: Benjamin Ferrand and Sarah Dobson. owning land at St. Ives, and  Lord of the Manor of Oakworth, Cottingley,  Crossley and Allerton cum Wilsden
Eleanor Ferrand was Thomas Maud first wife.
Mary Ferrand married Henry Currer.
Richardson Ferrand married Mary Busfeild.
Robert Ferrand married Ann Currer, she was the widow of William Busfeild.
Sarah Ferrand married Currer Fothergill Busfeild
Thomas Ferrand married Blanch Townley of Royle Hall near Burnley.
Walker Ferrand married Katherine Maria Twiss daughter of General William Twiss, Katherine was Walker Ferrand's cousin.
Frances Ferrand the daughter of Edward of St Ives married Sir Richard Paul Amphlett, barrister and Conservative politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1868 to 1874. National Portrait Gallery
A considerable portion of the township of Bingley belonged to the Ferrand family, whose ancestor came over to England with William the Conqueror, and whose descendants have ever since continued at this place. The living is a discharged vicarage, valued in the king's books at £7. 6. 8., and in the patronage of the Crown; impropriator, the Rev. W. Penny: the great tithes have been commuted for £410, and the small for £300. The church is a spacious and venerable structure with a square embattled tower, in the later English style, and, having suffered much dilapidation, was restored in the reign of Henry VIII.; it contains several monuments to the Ferrand and Busfield families. Two church districts, named respectively. Morton and Cullingworth, have been endowed by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners: each of the livings is in the gift of the Crown and the Bishop of Ripon, alternately. There are places of worship for Baptists, Independents, Primitive Methodists, and Wesleyans. The free grammar school was founded in the reign of Henry VIII., and endowed with land and tenements producing at present £260 per annum, subject to certain payments to the poor: the premises comprise a large schoolroom, and a house and garden for the master. Mrs. Sarah Rhodes, in 1784, gave five cottages, which she endowed as almshouses for five aged widows, who receive £3 per annum each. Thomas Busfeild, Esq., in 1767, bequeathed the interest on £800; and there are also several bequests for distribution in bread and clothes among the poor, and for other charitable uses. John Nicholson, the Airedale poet, was buried here in May, 1843. From: 'Bilton - Binton', A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 244-248. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=50800 

Foulds - Fowlds
They had connections by marriage to the Cawood's & Barrett's who farmed an area on Low Street close to Fleece Street, and the Sagar's. Some members of the family were Landlords in some of Keighley pubs. 
The firm of Messrs Turner & Foulds that were responsable for the Royal Arcade was made up of Hiram Foulds & Robert Arthur Turner. Messrs Turner & Foulds were actually brothers in law. Hiram Foulds was the son of William & Sarah Foulds. Hiram became the joint owner of a pub with his brothers Jeremiah & David, details of which will be published in a publication due out by Eddie Kelly. Robert Arthur Turner was married to Hiram's sister Mary Foulds in 1863 making the two brothers in law.

Fox
William Fox corn miller of Mill bridge and his wife Margaret Stell, nee Emmott produced a number of children. Daughter Martha married William Walbank Stuff manufacture. Martha died shortly after the birth of their son John. Son James Fox was a hatter. Oldest son William Fox and his wife Betty (Elizabeth) Hindle produced at least eight children. Margaret Emmot Fox was Thomas Paget first wife, he was a farmer at Hawkcliffe. Son of William and Betty, William was landlord of the Kings Arms Haworth and the Lord Rodney in Keighley. He was married to Harriet Spence, who after his death she married Abraham Shackleton who continued with his wife at the pub. William and Harriet's eldest son Joseph, for a while he was a Confectioner on High Street, but in 1858 went to Victoria, Australia to seek his fortune at the gold digging, taking his wife and child with him, he died there 17 May 1860. 
George Spence Fox son of William and Harriet was for a while a fish dealer, but later tuned his hand to Inn Keeping at the Bay Horse Pub, Manchester. Youngest son John was a Tobacconist on Church Street. 
Margaret Fox daughter of James the Hatter and  Grace Smith married John Booth cotton spinner of Castle Mill, Becks Road. 



Greenwood
The Greenwoods descend from the same family, although later people would distinguish the two by referring to them as the Keighley or Haworth Greenwoods. To enable us to complete our research we used a book produced by Robin Greenwood along side our own research. We are not attempting to produce a family tree, but to show how the marriages assisted in their progress.
At some point John Greenwood came to Haworth from Wadsworth and of his children three would play a prominent part in the industry of the area.
Eldest son John made a good start by marrying Elizabeth Taylor the daughter of a prominent Stanbury family. Their son also called John married well, his wife was Ann Heaton who also happened to be his third cousin. 
James the son of John and Ann Heaton married Martha Clapham daughter of John of Utley, Manufacture of Stuff Pieces. Their daughter Mary Ann would marry William Sugden of Fleece Mills and Eastwood House. 
Another daughter Judith married Samuel Blakey Clapham of Aireworth Mill. 
William son of John and Elizabeth, his descendants would not fair too well, one grandson Robert, who would end up running a pub at Stubbin House, Haworth.
James son of John and Elizabeth, like his brother John, James would fair very well in the world of textiles. One of his daughters Elizabeth married well, Abraham Shackleton of Walk and Brow End Mill's. 
Son John 
born July 6, 1780, died March 10 1807.  married Ann Barwick, who died June 1810, aged 70.
One of the earliest Cotton Spinners in Keighley, it turned to worsteds slightly later and John Greenwood was one of its pioneers. He started at North Brook, and afterwards Cabbage Mills and Vale Mills and  was to be involved with five mills in the Keighley  and one at Ripon. He was one of the first to use children in cotton factories, importing young orphan girls from the Foundling Hospital,
  in London. On the credit side he was a leader of the improvement committee that brought Keighley water and gas and he subscribed heavily to the founding of the Keighley Mechanics Institute and maintained at his works a private fire engine which could be borrowed for the town. We have found a reference in a book which says "John Greenwood lived at Damside at the house which was to become the Royal Hotel". In 1782 John Greenwood is registered as having North Brook Mill, which would later be taken over by Hattersleys. We have also found references that say he lived at and built Cabbage House He also built Knoll (Knowle) House for his son John Greenwood Junior, having first bought a field called Rawling Close from James Lund of Lower Bracken Bank.  He later moved to  West Riddlesden Hall  John Greenwood, in partnership with William Ellis bought Wreaks Mill,  at Birstwith. St. James’s Church Birstwith. 
December 1807 John Greenwood and Lister Ellis bought Airton mill in Airton from William Ellis, 

John Greenwood was one of many that took rooms at Airworth Mills before going to  Cabbage Croft mill. 
John Greenwood Junior born Sep 8 1763; died Oct. 11. 1846. left his real estate in Keighley, Bingley, Bradford and other places to his son Frederick Greenwood. John Greenwood  & Sons Greenwood also built Vale mill at Oakworth. John Greenwood of Eastwood House was married to Mary Sugden daughter of William. Sugden, Esq. John Greenwood Junior was the father in Law of Rev Theodore Dury, it was Dury's second marriage. 

Hainworth was in the possession of Samuel Sunderland, Esq., and was purchased off the heirs of the late Sir George Cook, Bart., by John Greenwood, Esq., of Knoll, near Keighley; and it then passed  to his son, Frederick Greenwood, Esq., of Norton Conyers. John Greenwood was principal proprietor of the village of Hainworth. The Greenwood property at Hainworth would be later sold.
John and Frederick Greenwood owned the Mason's Arms when it stood at the corner of Hanover Street and Low Street back in the 1820s they wished to build a new hotel next door on Hanover Street. This became the Wellington Hotel, which remained in business until about 1989, when it was closed.

Frederick Greenwood lived at Ryshworth Hall. his father John bought West Riddlesden Hall estate from the late Thomas Leach and was occupied by Mr. John B. Sidgwick, son-in-law of  John Greenwood. St. Luke's Church Morton Frederick was the great benefactor of the Parish and it was through his generous help and that of other friends that the churches at Morton and Riddlesden were built. Mr Greenwood gave the land in Morton for  the building of the church.
Edwin Greenwood, Esq., Knoll, Keighley. Edwin is the brother of Frederick. Edwin took over the mill at Swarcliffe started by his father in 1805 and had Swarcliffe Hall rebuilt to a design by Major Rohde Hawkins in 1848


Taken from Haworth Past and Present: Oxenhope mesne manor has been in the possession of the Greenwood family many years, but it seems to have been divided into several parts in the seventeenth century. Mr. lames says: "From a conveyance of Thornton Manor, about 1700, I perceive that four shillings yearly was payable out of Oxenhope to Thornton Manor. How this payment arose I have no knowledge." Mr. J. C. Brook, in 1777, says in his MSS., Herald's College: "Charles Wood, Esq., of Bowling Hall, informs me that the Manor of Oxenhope is divided into five parts, of which he has one, Abraham Bauine, of Bradford, another, and the three heiresses of Copley, of Batley, the other three." The whole of the manor vested, by purchase, in the late Joseph Greenwood, Esq., of Springhead, and is now the property of Captain Edwards, though there are many estates here held by other families, as the Rushworths, Binns, Horsfalls, Kershaws, Emmotts, Greenwoods, &c.
Greenwoods owned  houses in Bridgehouse, attached to Bridgehouse Mill first built around seventeenth century with alterations mid-eighteenth century, Springhead at the foot of Lord Lane bought for Joseph in the early 1800's, and Woodlands built by John and James Greenwood.


John
Greenwood Brighouse  1784–1833. Rev. Moses Saunders married Martha Greenwood, of the Bridge House family, he was the first minister at Hall Green Baptist Church. 
James Greenwood (senior)
Spring Head Mill died 1824
John Greenwood eldest son of James died 1833 
Joseph Greenwood
(1786–1856) was the second son of James Greenwood Sr of Bridgehouse, who acquired, or perhaps was given, Springhead Mill when quite young.  Lord of the Manor of Oxenhope. In 1834 Joseph Greenwood purchased the Manor of Oxenhope from the Earl of Wilton. The manorial rights passed from Joseph Greenwood, Esq., of Spring Head, to Captain Edwards, by purchase. In 1853 he and his sons went bankrupt, and he moved to Utley. COURT FOR RELIEF OF INSOLVENT DEBTORS. Saturday the 8th day of April, 1854. ASSIGNEES have been appointed in the following Cases. Further particulars may be learned at the Office, in Portugal-Street, Lincoln's- Inn-Fields, on giving the number of the Case. James Greenwood, late of Springhead, near Keighley, Yorkshire, out of business, Insolvent, No. 77,451 C; John Appleyard and John Sutcliffe, Assignees. William Cockcroft Greenwood, late of Springhead, Keighley, Yorkshire, Farmer, Insolvent, No. 77,454 C; John Appleyard and John Sutcliffe, Assignees.
Joseph was married to Grace Cockroft he was also a Magistrate 1822. He was also a close friend of Patrick Brontë. He also had three daughters exactly the same ages as Charlotte, Emily, and Anne and the girls were friends and he also had two eligible sons, William and James, several years older than the girls.
James Greenwood Jr youngest son of James 1793–1857. 
William
Greenwood Moorhouse Haworth Born 13th April 1800, Died 29th Oct. 1893
Betty (Elizabeth) Greenwood the great grand daughter of the original John married into a well known Keighley family, William Thomas Blakey.
George Greenwood of Moorhouse, Oxenhope married Sarah Clapham,
daughter of John of Utley, Manufacture of Stuff Pieces. Her sister Martha having married James Greenwood, James and George were cousins. 
John Broadley Greenwood was married twice, first wife was Elizabeth Anderton of Kildwick Hall.
Matilda Greenwood 2nd great grand daughter of the original John married landed proprietor and magistrate of Birstwith Hall, Birstwith and later Low Hall, Birstwith, Rawdon Briggs.
Sarah Hannah Greenwood 2nd great grand daughter of the original John married John Benson Sedgwick cotton spinner and manufacturer. 


Hall 
Ellis Hall (Hall family of Airedale and Craven) Two Torches at Keighley The Hall family can be traced back to the 1600's at Newsholme, Robert Hall built a large house in Newsholme around 1670. The Church came about when a descendant also called Robert Hall attended the parish church at Keighley, the Reverend at the time being Gale, Gale hated Robert Hall and his son William Hall with a passion and refused him Communion, Hall stormed out of the church and converted part of his house to be used for worship.

Haggas

Dorothy daughter of Jonas Haggas in 1716 married William Blakey of Bracken Bank, he was the grandfather of Samuel who would build Aireworth Mill.
There is a record of a Haggas living at Oakworth Hall 1715 yet in John Hodgsons book he tells us that James lived at Weethead and bought Oakworth Hall in  1742. 
Elizabeth married Jonas Blakey the son of William and Dorothy Haggas 1744.
James Hagges was the son of an Halifax shoemaker by the name of Jonas. James Haggas of Oakworth Hall bound as an apprentice to a Halifax weaver John Jackson. James Haggas died 1778. He was succeeded by his son also called James. He bought long wool in Lincolnshire and sorted wool with his son at Oakworth Hall. It is quite possible that James the elder and Dorothy are brother and sister.
James Haggas b 1732 Oakworth Hall married twice, first to Martha Ellison they had at least four children, three boys William, James and John and daughter Betty. James died in 1834, William and John went on the great success in the textile industry. James had married Nanny Town, William married Elizabeth (Betty) Redman and John married  Betty Slater.
Betty daughter of William and Elizabeth Redman married manufacturer Moses Hey
the son of Aaron. 
Martha daughter of William and Elizabeth Redmen married Charles Iveson the son of Thomas Howgill Iveson.
Anne Eliza daughter of William and Sarah Clough married in 1886 worsted spinner William Whitley Vint. After Anne Eliza's death he married her sister Sarah Jane. Late in the 1800's William moved into the Haggas family home Broom Hill.
James Ellison
J.P of Woodville, Keighley son of James and Ann Moorhouse married in 1897 Marie Constance Wall daughter of Ernest Wall Yarn merchant of Bradford.
Geoffrey
son of James Ellison and Marie Constance Wall married Charlotte Ross Clough daughter of Percy Clough. 
William son of James and Ann Moorhouse married in 1853 Sarah Eliza Clough daughter of John and Jane Pearson of Grove Mill. 
Mary daughter of James and Ann Moorhouse married in 1866 wool merchant of Bradford Michael Joseph Mahony.

J
ohn son of James and Ann Moorhouse married in 1856 Elizabeth Clough daughter of John and Nancy Weatherhead. Nancy's father William was an Inn Keeper in Keighley.
Emma Louisa daughter of John and Elizabeth Clough married paper manufacturer John James Wright.

Helen Amelia
daughter of John and Elizabeth Clough married Thomas Brigg son of John and Mary Anderton.
Herbert
son of John and Elizabeth Clough married 1886 Emily Hattersley daughter of Richard Longdon Hattersley managing director for Messrs Hattersley & Sons, loom makers, of North Beck works, and also  director of  Messrs Hattersley & Co Ltd.
In 1913 Oakworth Hall was sold by the  Trustees of the Hattersly family who sold the Hall to Benjamin, William and John Speight used to live in the house which now forms part of Oakbank School. 


John Haggas architect, was the son of Shelah Haggas spindle maker, who in 1861 was employing ten men and living at Prospect Place. John was responsible amongst others for the plans of: Houses called Gables off North Dean Road. Haincliffe House. Part of Knowle Spring Brewery. Devonshire Mill. His son's would later join him and he traded as John Haggas and Sons. There appears to be no connection between this Haggas family and the mill owning Haggas's. Son John was married to Agnes Mary Pawson, the granddaughter of George E Pawson of Oxenhope.

Samuel, brother of John Haggas, a keighley innkeeper took over William Laws packhorses, working from where we are not yet sure, but we understand that Samuel expanded his operation into Leeds. Nor do we know if Samual also took on Law's land at Kendal. 

Hanson
John Hanson was the son of Joseph, a manufacturer of stuff pieces. John trained first in the brazier trade & we have read that people of the town thought him to be the best of kettle makers, before starting up in the same trade as his father in property next door to  Michael Merralls machine shop in Kings Street, taking over the machine shop to extend when Merrall died. John was a victim of the Butterworth Panic in an indirect way which left him financially embarrassed, but stable enough for him to continue for a few years more. Around 1830 he gave up having never regained the foot hold he had previously & passed his affairs to his creditors. He was respected enough in the town to be offered employment, but being a man used to making his own way it was not long before he set up in his own right again, taking room at Hope Mill, but by 1837 his business was again in the hands of creditors. John returned to his first trade of Brazier.
In 1849 there were four Hanson's able to vote: John of Church Street, Joseph of Long Lee, Thomas of High Utley & William of Bingley. 

Hattersley

The odd numbered side of Church Green is called Hattersley Crescent. 
1851 George Hattersley is living at Mill Hill.
Duncan Hattersley Smith invented Centre weft fork motions for looms for weaving. 
March 4 The death of J.M. Hattersley aged 70 the 2nd son of the late George Hattersley of North Brook Works.

Heaton
The Heaton's are best known for living and building Ponden Hall. Michael Heaton married Ann Scarborough of Glusburn Hall, she was connected to the Maude family and her uncle Roger Nowell of Read Hall was responsible for bringing the Pendle Witches to trial. Ann's sister Mary married first Robert Parker who owned vast amount of lands. After his death she married Thomas Barcroft of Barcroft Hall, Cliviger. Michael Heaton's brother, Peter, married Mary Midgley, who was no doubt related to the Midgleys who were Lord of the Manor, she was also Great Granddaughter of Robert Heaton 1587-1640. The Heaton's of Haworth and Keighley married into well known families. Ann to John Greenwood of Bridgehouse in 1747, they were third cousins. Another Ann married Richard Greenwood of Lees farm. Elizabeth married in 1703 Robert Hall of Newsholme. Hugh married Mary Haggas. Martha of Dalemoor married Jonas Barraclough, and from this pair the Clockies of Dollymoor descend. Susanna married 1683 the Lord of the manor George Taylor. Another Susannah Great grand daughter of Michael Heaton of Ponden in 1768 married George Greenwood of Moorhouse, dyeing in the first year of marriage, possibly in child birth, she was his second wife. 

Hey

Benjamin Hey farmed 151 acres of Cavindish land at New Intake at Newsholme Dean in 1748.
Hey's from Greengate. Aaron Hey lived and held a mill at Greengate, dyeing in 1800. The mill he left in his will to Thomas Iveson, his son-in-law. Son Moses, Manufacturer, had married Betty Haggas, the daughter of William, Worsted Manufacture. Aaron Hey junior, Worsted Manufacture, his daughter Hannah Hey, married Joseph Skaife a corn miller. Hannah Hey was the sister of Rosamond Hey who had married Thomas Howgill Iveson.
Hannah married George Park, who for a while had been in partnership with the above mentioned Joseph Skaife at Ingrow Corn Mill until the partnership was dissolved in 1851.  George and Hannah Park produced no children, in his will he treats his wife's family well. 
One Hey family were well established at  Deanfield  for many years from at least the early 1700's. James Hey of Dean Field was in partnership with Jonas Sugden of Dockroyd, they had a weaving shop at Dean Field. 1805 they had yarn spun at Lumb Foot 1806 had the mill built at Lower Provedence. Messrs Sugden & Hey had two rooms at Halifax Piece Hall. Hey retired from the Partnership in 1822, he died a few years later in 1826. Great Grandson of James, William Hey became an Ale & Porter Merchant & lived in Bradford. William had started out as a mechanic, his father Joseph was a mill Carpenter. Joseph Hey the second Great Grandson of James and was in partnership with his uncle William Ale & Porter Merchant. 
William hey was Landlord of Burlington Arms & the Rodney. 


Hird
 
Thomas Hird The Hird family had lived in Braithwaite for many generations and are reputedly direct descendants of the de Braythwayts. John Hird, who died in 1598/9 is described in parish records as a ‘clothier of Braithwaite’, as is his son Christopher (1574-1623). Christopher’s grandson Thomas (b. 1692) is described as a ‘stuffweaver of Braithwaite’. The Hird family are an example of ‘yeoman weavers’. Their relatively substantial wealth financed the construction of Manor House in 1648, which was much larger and more ornate than many other houses in the area and is probably the oldest building in Braithwaite. The misleading name of the House is likely to be a reference to the Manor of Keighley which had granted the family freeholder status some centuries before. According to Cardwell (1997), between six and ten of the farm owning families in and around Braithwaite were a close-knit community of first generation Quakers, including John Hird, who’s Manor House was used as a meeting house from its construction and well into the eighteenth century. Hird, Thomas Brigg another yeoman weaver of nearby Guardhouse, were apprehended in Keighley in 1682 along with others because of their Quaker beliefs and refusal to pay tithes to Keighley Parish Church. They were imprisoned in York Castle for four months and had possessions ceased in lieu of tithes. 
The Toleration Act of 1689 meant Quakers were free to worship as they wished.

Benjamin Hird from Bradford operated Wood Mill at Laycock from 1859 into the 1880's


Holden
Sir Isaac Holden. He invented a Lucifer match but refused to patent the invention. In 1847, he worked with Samuel Cunliffe Lister, with whom he obtained a patent for his square motion wool-combing machine and a new method of carding, combing and preparing genappe yarns. Lived at Holden Hall, Oakworth. Isaac's second wife was Sarah Sugden, her brother Jonas was a Methodist local preacher. Three of her brothers, John, Robert Newsholme, and James were in partnership as Worsted Spinners and Manufacturers, under the name of Jonas Sugden and Brothers. 

Holmes
After Smith possibly one of the most common names in the area. A John Holmes died in 1705 he left the blulk of his estate "Old Oxenhope Demayne" which included seven farms, to his eldest son John. John sold them all and moved to Eldwick.

Ickringill  
James senior born in Bingley had at least six children, he had worked as a weaver, woolcomber and overlooker, his sons would become well known in the textile industry. James senior would see out his old age living at 27 Victoria Terrace. 
Ira was the eldest son. Ira Ickeringill went on to become Mayor of Keighley 1890-93 and lived at Laurel Mount, Keighley. 
James of Eastwood Mills in Keighley and Legrams Mills in Bradford who lived at Balcony House and had the Mission Hall, Oakworth Road  built at a cost of £14,000. James also created local Boys & Girls Brigades and Ickringill's Brass Band (Keighley). 
Ira and  James, took on Legrams spinning mill in Bradford in 1860, in 1913 they are registered running Eastwood Mill.
April 15 1893 Ira Ickeringill and Co issued notices to the effect that an increase of 5% would be made in the wages of employees from the first pay day in May. 
Thomas the youngest who lived at Parkfield House, Thwaites Brow. 
James senior had a daughter called Fanny, she had married a man of the name Edward Ogden, Fanny and Edward had at least five children, one a daughter Mary Ann Ogden. After Fanny's death Ira adopted Mary Ann and brought her up as his own child.
James William Ickeringill son of James's of Balcony lived at Oakworth Road House


Illingworth
 
Owned Castle Mill and Grove Mill
David Illingworth heald yarn manufacture went bankrupt in 1838. In 1802 along with his brother William they were linen weavers. It was their mother Ann nee Binns that built Grove Mill. David was married to Grace Smith, the daughter of Joseph who was more commonly known as the Old Merchant. Joseph Smith built Castle Mill, Becks Road. 

Iveson
Alice, daughter of John Iveson & Mary Waddington, married Joseph Stell, the Grandson of Michael Stell Lord of the Manor of Oakworth. Another daughter of John Iveson, Mary married John Stell.  Charles Iveson married Martha Haggas. 

Jackson
A family lived in Damems for many years, we started with Alverey Jackson born 1657 a practising Quaker, we were able to  follow this family in Damems to Alfred Jackson born 1865. Six generations of one family.

Judson
John Judson was a farmer at Slack, Bogthorn, he was married to Mary Sugden his mother was Elizabeth Wignall, a Mr. Wignall would later be the manager at Castle Mill when John dies. John farmed and produced cloth both at Slack and at Castle. 
A few extracts from Robin Longbottom's website http://www.robinlongbottom.com/  where he displays a biographical pamphlet  by James Leach, most commonly known as Pie Leach.
"I was born at Harewood Hill Slack opposite the village of Bogthorn on the 6th day of March 1815. My father’s names were George Leach and he was a native of Cullingworth and my mother was Mary Judson the daughter of James and Betty Judson of Harewood Hill Slack." ....... " After 9 years upon the farm until my mother’s death and then I was sent back to my uncle John Judson and my grand mothers at Harewood Hill Slack when I was sent to school at Sykes Head where I was four years (John Judson was a manufacturer at Castle Mill, Keighley)" ........ "went again at Harewood Hill where I started once more woolcombing in the employment of John Judson, also at times for James Judson, a near relation of mine."

Keighley
Henry de Keighley,  granted the first charter to hold a market in Keighley on 17 October 1305 by King Edward. 
Joseph Keighley who had been manufacturing stuff pieces at Lower Wood Head, Morton Banks. Around 1820 he built a mill and a dwelling house in Coney Lane, he turned to farming and his son's continued with the business, the mill was then occupied by Sugden Keighley & Co., Hodgson tells us this firm have replaced the house in Coney Lane by handsome offices and shops; they have also rebuilt the mill, the architecture of which is very elegant in design, occupying the site of the old mill, but considerably larger.
A son of the above William, Sugden Keighley, on his grave stone at Utley there is a separate inscription saying "Amelias grave". It as not come to light yet who it refers to.

Law
William Law was  leasing the Great Farm, he was growing large quantities of oats. Law was also an inn keeper, it is boasted that his inn was the largest. Law also owned the most pack horses in the area, twenty worth around £300, this might be why he was growing such alarge quantity of oats. From a book by M.L. Baumber, After Law's death the inn passed to Thomas Colbeck and from him to Jeremiah Booth. In 1748 Jeremiah was renting  the Great Farm which had 147 acres. Was this farm connected to the Fleece down Low St? Booth, Colbeck & Law were connected  by marriage. 

Laycock
Edmund Laycock, Timber merchant living on North Street, married first Mary Brigg, the daughter of Thomas & Isabel Brigg of Guardhouse. Mary died 1825. In 1834
Edmund married Mary's sister Isabella. Son Thomas Brigg Laycock b 1818 married Alice Craven, granddaughter of Hiram of Oakworth, Thomas was a partner in John Brigg & Co. In his later years lived at Aireworth House. 
William b 1815 also a timber merchant, but later in life moved to Bolton Abbey and combined his trade with farming. His tomb stone says Of Bolton Park & Woodville, Keighley. Williams daughter Mary Anne married Henry Craven, the grandson of John Craven of Walk Mill.
John Laycock a grocer born in Colne, married Mary Craven, the daughter of John of Walk Mill. Son John Craven Laycock in 1871 a widower was living in Aireworth Street and working as a railway porter. Another son a Currier, William, married Dinah Swire, the sister of Swire Smith's mother.

Leach
Rachael Leach who built the first Dalton Mill, she was the sister of Thomas & William of West Riddlesden Hall.
James Pie Leach, greengrocer and local politician, prepared his elaborate tombstone and funeral plans before his death. James had some interesting relatives. James first wife was Sarah Waterhouse, Sarah's brother John was a grocer at Lane Ends, Oakworth. James leach mother was Mary Judson, Mary's brother John operated Castle Mill.

Lister
Charles Lister Manufactured paper at Lower Holme Mill.

Longbottom
David Longbottom, Spinning Master at Hill Top Mill. 
Titus Longbottom was employed by Berry around 1807 as a joiner in the production of making worsted spinning frames. Titus was only with Berry for about two years before he left and started business on his own, yet they had developed a great friendship which lasted all their lives, even though they were many times to be in direct competition in business. 
Titus built in 1815 a house and machine shop in South Street but sadly were burnt down in 1863. Titus had been in partnership with Midgley Rishworth, their partnership was dissolved in 1818. Sugden of Fleece Mills had obtained most of his machinery from him, as did Craven and Brigg of Walk Mill and Browend. 
The daughter of Titus Longbottom, Grace, 1844 married Samuel Dixon, corner miller of Damside.
Francis Titus Longbottom was in the partnership of Judson Longbottom and Hudson, Engineers and Millwrights at Low Bridge. Despite the name there seems to be no connection to the first mentioned Titus. 

Lund
We shall start with James Lund who married Ann Shackleton, she was the sister of Richard Shackleton of Goose Eye Mill, where he was In partnership with: John Bottomley of Holme house and Thomas Shackleton of Truewell Hole. James seems to have been a man of property, Spring Head Farm, Bogthorn, Lower Bracken Bank and he owned part of Knowle Farm, he sold a field called Rawling Close to Greenwood for him to build his grand house The Knowle. James father, John had a farm at Newsholme Dean.
Of the five children that James and Ann had, John the eldest son would walk in his brother William's shadow. John went into partnership with Abraham Sugden who lived on a small farm near Grove mill, at Castle Mill Lund retired from the partnership in 1838. In the 1841 census we find his employment as maltster. We know that in 1842 he was working for his brother William managing the mill but at the same time running a grocers shop with his wife Sarah on Damside. John had married Sarah Ramsden, the illegitimate daughter of Mary Ramsden. 
In 1819 we find William at Holme Mill. By 1851 he was resident at Knowl House. William was a close friend of Richard Butterfield.
William's son James would first marry Mary Sarah Spencer the daughter of William Spencer of Raygill Limestone Quarries, and owner of Raygill Hall, Lothersdale and Malsis Hall, Sutton which he still owned but had not lived there since the 1840's. And by Mary he had the son's Frederick James,  Edward Herbert  and William. His second wife was Janet Craven, she was the grand daughter of Hiram Craven of Oakworth the well known builder. Janet Cravens sister Alice had married Thomas Brigg Laycock. 
William Lunds daughter, Elizabeth married first George Henry Townend worsted spinning manufacture of The Royd Cullingworth then after his death, wool merchant of Bradford Richard Pullan Coates.

Manby
A well-known Skipton family, Manby's ironmongers, stood proud at Middle Row, started in 1817 by John Manby, a watch and clock maker. Over time the business changed to supplying shoe irons for blacksmiths and began making nails. Most of the supplies came up the Leeds-Liverpool Canal and  unloaded on Canal Street & then up Hallam's Yard. Manby's bought a foundry in Lower Union Street, Skipton, and started making farming equipment. At the turn of the century Manby's asked Albert Town, foreman of the foundry, to build a "car" based on a design in Popular Mechanics which was probably the first in Skipton. After the Second World War the business was run by Dennis and Fred Manby. They sold fireplaces, bottled gas, paraffin, hardware, household items and firearms. The shop was like an Aladdin's Cave, whatever a customer asked for, the shop assistants could always put their hands on the item.
John's daughter Eliza married William Paget, Solicitor of Skipton, he was son of Francis Padget, farmer of Utley. 


Marriner
:  
William Marriner was taken into the firm at West Greengate. He died in 1809. Williams daughter Margate married John Brigg. William 
Lived at Greengate House,  Fieldhead, (Lord Ingrow's home). Broom House & Hawkstones. 
Benjamin Flesher Marriner
. Prospect Spring Gardens married the heiress of the Lister family of Frizinghall. 
William Marriner 2nd. lived at Worth Villa. William Lister Marriner, whose works band enjoyed some success in the later nineteenth century, was a keen cornet player and his works band evolved from a private band he had founded in 1844. The records of W. L. Marriner's Band leave little doubt that players were being paid at a time when they were taking part in contests (contests usually outlawed professionalism), The rules of W. L. Marriner's Caminando Band, As this brass band is formed for mutual amusement and instruction in music, and, as peace and harmony are essential to its welfare, it is highly requisite that no dispute or angry feeling should arise among its members, therefore for the prevention of any such occurrence, the following rules and regulations have been adopted. 'This sentiment was enforced by Rule 7 of the Band's regulations which threatened to impose upon its members 'for every oath or angry expression, a penalty of 3/-'. Subscriptions came from the members of the bands themselves; for example, as early as 1842, W. L. Marriner's Band was imposing monthly subscriptions on its members. Special expenditures, such as the purchase of new instruments, caused bands to issue appeals for general subscriptions. In 1861, at least ten of the entrants to the Crystal Palace Contest carried the name of a Rifle Volunteers Corps. The well-established band of W. L. Marriner from Keighley openly referred to themselves as 'W. L. Marriner's Band, also the Band of the 35th Rifle Volunteer Corps'. A year later, they were again calling themselves 'W. L. Marriner's Private Brass Band'.
Edward D.A. Marriner
son of Benjamin of Greengates Mill, Keighley - magistrate, councillor and, in 1885, Mayor of Keighley married Jane Hammond
William
Marriner son of Benjamin.
Because of a disagreement between William and Edward which led to a complete severance of relations and a physical division of the mill.
Raymond Marriner
Shann Manor Hawkstone Drive, Utley.  
John Raymond Lister, only son of Mr. and Mrs. RV Marriner, of Shann Manor, Keighley.

Maud
Most commonly associated with Riddlesden Hall. Mary Maud married Bingley manufacturer William Anderton. Matilda Maud married John Percy Sugden, son of John Greenwood Sugden of Steeton Hall.
 

Merrall.   
In 1724 John Merrall married Ann Stell, the daughter of Michael Stell, Lord of the Manor of Oakworth. 
Michael Merrall, Grandson to the above John, brother of  Hartley Merrall, Springhead, Oakworth. Michael a Whitesmith served his apprentishipe with William Parker, blacksmith of Low Street, he later went to work at Hattersley's but then set up on his own account. He had his machin makers shop at the bottom of Nelson Street. He made spindles, rollers, flyers & guides. Thomas Corlass of Hope mill employed him to make a boiler, it was the first boiler made in Keighley and was of such good quality it provided good service for over sixty years. Sadly he died after getting caught in his steam engine when trying to oil it in the early 1800's. An advert apeared in 1821 in the The Leeds Mercury advertising his machinery, Berry Smith machine maker & William Smith cordwainer were the people to contact for interested parties. 
Hartley Merrall Acres Mill, Springhead Mill & Springhead House, Oakworth. Two of the Merralls attended the wedding of Charlotte Bronte. haworth-village.org.uk  In 1884  Edwin Robinson Merrall Built Longlands, Cross Roads. Ebor Mill, Haworth. Hiram Craven sold to Edwin Merrall. Acres Mill Started life as a machine shop, Berry Smith converted it. Hartley Merrall haworth-village.org.uk

Midgley
William Midgley & his some Joesph bought the Manor of Haworth & Harden in 1617 for £80, Midgley owned Cook Yate but most of his property was in Oldfield where he built a manor house.
The Midgley family were a family of note, and the better known family was from Haworth holding the title Lord of the manor of Haworth. William's son also called William, in 1841 was an inn keeper living at Ponden, his brother Joseph was farming there. Sister Alice married Robert Heaton of Ponden Hall.
Mary Midgley the Great Granddaughter of Robert Heaton 1587-1640, married Peter Heaton, the son of the said Robert. 

Midgley's resided at Damems for many years.

Mitchell
John Mitchell came from Silsden, he took on a three storie house at Greengate (see houses page) using the top floor of the house and the barn ajoining being the mill. John's first wife & the mother of their children was Sarah Rhodes. In 1817 he married Ann Craven, Hodgson tell's us she is the daughter of John of Walk Mill. There is a promise to marry in the Keighley registers, the marriage took place in Colne, William Corless was one of the witnesses. 
He later moved to Eastwood Sq and built where a foundry used to stand. His daughter Elizabeth Married George Hattersley Loom maker. John's son Charles married Ann Rishworth daughter of Thomas, Yeoman of  West Morton & Rachel Paget  daughter of William, farmer of Utley. 

William Mitchell who had been in partnership with Roper at Cabbage Mill lost three children in a terrible rail accident at Wennington at about 14:11 on 11/8/1880. His wife and a son injured   Board of Trade Report    tathamhistory.org.uk 

Murgatroyd
John Murgatroyd born 1711, owned Royd House, Oxenhope. His Granddaughter Elizabeth married Robert Heaton 1758-1817, of Ponden.
Robert Murgatroyd, farmer of Lees, Cross Roads married Janet daughter of Hiram, the builder, and Alice Craven of Oakworth.
William Holland Murgatroyd, who would become the Inn Keeper at the Globe Inn, 
users.actrix.co.nz

Netherwood 
A name once associated with Cliffe Hall (Castle) Not strictly from Keighley, we have managed to trace the family back to John Netherwood born 1578 in Kildwick. John's granddaughter, Elizabeth Netherwood married Robert Clough, and here forms a connection with the Clough family of Steeton. Amy Netherwood 3rd great granddaughter of the above John married Thomas Rishworth of Thwaites House. Christopher Netherwood was the man who sold Cliffe Hall to Butterfield when he went bankrupt, the debts at his Fewston mill were £37,000.00. 

Ogden
Thomas Ogden and his wife Esther Stansfield ran a small beerhouse in Oxenhope, their sons Joseph and Thomas moved to Rastrick to go into the brewing business with  John Brook Booth. Joseph was married to Harriet Booth, the aunt of John Brook Booth, she was also the sister of Keighley Inn Keeper Joseph Booth. After the death of Thomas, Esther married John Feather spinner at Holme Mill Oxenhope in partnership with John Speak.  The Feather's were well known spinners in Oxenhope, John's father lived at Wadsworth House and brother Thomas at Thorn Villa. Alfred Speak, son of the above mentioned John, married Ann Pawson the daughter of George E Pawson. George E Pawson granddaughter, Agnes Mary Pawson married Harry Haggas architect. Harry was the son of John Hagges who was responsible for the plans of: Houses called Gables off North Dean Road. Haincliffe House. Part of Knowle Spring Brewery. Devonshire Mill. His son's would later join him and he traded as John Haggas and Sons.

William Ogden and Alice Mosley produced at least eight children, one of these, a son, Edward Ogden, he married Fanny Ickringill the daughter of James Ickringill, when Fanny died in 1867 James adopted her daughter Mary Ann Ogden, the only girl of the five of Edward and Fanny's children, the rest all being male. 

Oldridge
John Oldridge  converted Sandywood House into a mill for cotton, we have seen mention that this was the first Cotton mill in Keighley. We doubt that Oldridge built the original house, he either rebuilt it, or it was one of his ancestors that built it, if the date of build is correct at 1720 and Oldridge is supposed to have emigrated in 1819 he would have been a 100 years old. In Keighley Parish Church we find a tablet "John Oldridge, a native of Keighley, who died at sea on his passage from New York, 29th July, 1832. Hester Oldridge, his daughter, accidentally drowned in the Delaware 16 August 1820 age 24. She was disinterred in 1824, and re-buried in Keighley Churchyard. Also, Cyrus Oldridge, son of John, who died I3th. February, 1832, aged 29, and was buried in the vaults of Great Queen Street Chapel London". We have read that the daughter who travelled out to America with Oldridge went to the dock to meet her sister who had travelled out to be with them, eager to embrace each other they ran, and sadly one of them slipped and fell into the water. It as also been said that she was the first body to be sent from America to England. 
Oldridge spent a lot of money trying trying to make a drinking spirit, something in the style of whiskey from mint, this venture failed dismally. We have also read that he was persuaded to leave for America by the Sugdens, this might have been Cyrus Oldridge the son. We have also read that Oldridge was also a manufacture of hair restorer of wide reputation called "Balm of Columbia". The large garden at the rear of the house was used for growing balm for the continued production of the remedy.

Paget - Padget
This family were mainly farming at Utley, but some family members did get involved in the running of public houses and beer houses.
William Paget and Rebecca Hird produced at least five children. Daughter Rebecca married William Shackleton of Braithwaite, one of their sons Abraham was a farmer and publican at the Lord Rodney and later the Golden Lion, Low Street. 
Another son of William and Rebecca was William, he and Mary Rawling produced at least four children, William married Mary Smith, their daughter Mary married William Rishworth landed proprietor of Eastburn House and farmer. 
Francis Paget son of William married Mary Smith and farmed at Utley, his son William married Eliza Manby of the Manby's, the well known  ironmongers of Skipton, William went to live at Skipton after his marriage and was a Solicitor. William and Eliza oldest daughter, Jane Ann Manby Paget, married James Wright, who in the early part of his business career he acted as manager at Messrs Butterfield Bros. And then later along with his brothers commenced business on their own account in the worsted trade, and had four mills, Lumb Foot, Damems, Prospect & Ingrow.
James Paget son of Joseph and Ellen Carven farmed at Royd House Walk, Long Lee, daughter Ann married Henry Seed Ale and Porter merchant of Spring Gardens and later the Albert Hotel. Bridge Street. 
Elijah Paget in 1851 is a saddler, working for Samuel Paget his brother, in 1861 is farming on his own account, he must have fancied a change because in the next census of 1871 he is a beer seller at the Grinning Rat on New Street. But he later returns to farming. Samuel leaves Keighley and moves to London to ply his harness trade to the Royal Artillery. When Samuel moves away it is Elijah that takes in his son Charles who would later move in with Rowland at the farm at Hawkcliff.
George Paget is the 2nd great-grandson of
William Paget and Rebecca Hird he would marry their great granddaughter Rebecca Shackleton, her grandmother was Rebecca Paget, the couple would move to Tuam, Ireland. We believe but yet to prove that they had a son Robert Henry Paget born in Ireland and that it was his son Henry that married William Paget and Rebecca Hird 3rd great granddaughter Mary Shackleton. 
Joseph Paget in 1871 is working at the Roe Buck, Utley for widow Elizabeth Smith who was also his sister in law, widow of James Smith. Elizabeth Smith son John was Inn keeper at Kings Arms Haworth, and later at the Roe Buck.

Parker
Thomas Parker owned Marley but lived in Craven, the Parker family continued to be an absentee landlord until the mid 1800's when they sold the property.  

Paslew
Walter died in 1545 leaving three sons, Francis, Richard & Alexander. 
Francis the eldest had issue Walter, Edmund, Alexander and William. 
Walter died in Dec. 1573, before his father, leaving issue by Helen his wife Francis, aged 5, Francis the father died in Sept. 1582, and Edmund the second son died April 1595 without issue, and Alexander died before his father, Feb. 1571 without issue, and William died Oct. 1596 without male issue, and Alexander the third son of Walter, (the grandfather,) had issue Francis and Henry Paslew. Richard the second son of Walter (the grandfather) dyed in 1604 without male issue. Francis son and heir of Walter son of Francis son of Walter (the grandfather), dyed in August, 1608, without issue, at Bordeaux "in France. The Francis of the writ re- turned to England in 1631, and Helen his mother having died in April 1617, he inherited the property. He died October, 1631, and Henry Paslew, second son of Alexander, third son of Walter the grandfather, was his brother and heir, aged 50. The messuages in Harden were held of his Majesty by Knight Service and were worth 6 yearly to the King.
This great trial and inquisition was said to be untruly found; they denied that Walter the grandfather had a third son named Alexander, and other points, and demanded an answer. The answer, a very long one, follows, amongst the depositions being the following:
THOMAS COEBOLD had known Henry Paslew the elder 55 years, Henry the younger 25 years. 
ISABEL PASLEW knew Alexander Paslew 58 years since. 
GREGORY SEAVEN, minister at Glemham, Suffolk, for twenty years, Lad known Richard Paslew, who lived there, twenty years. 
MARY CULLAM swore that Alexander Paslew was minister of Glemham and son of Walter Paslew of Riddlesden, and died at Glemham an old man. 
JAMES POTTLE, rector of Glemham testified that Francis son of Alexander and Margery Paslew was baptized at Glemham in Feb. 1573, and Henry, another son, was baptized Sep. 14, 1578. 
THOMAS CORBOLD swore that Francis Paslew of Glemham went to Bordeaux about 37 years since, and after returning died about 7 years since. 
MARGARET CULLAM deposed that Richard Paslew had no issue, for at his going away he left his wife (deponent's grandmother) in Suffolk. 
STEPHEN PASLEW declared that the complainants had made a common purse against him. 
CHRISTOPHER WELBURN deposed that he had heard Isabel Paslew, say that Alexander Paslew, being a kinsman to her father whose name was Rawson, came often to his house at Shipley. 
In 1658, Henry Paslew (son of Henry, son of Alexander, of Glemham,) having gained the victory, re-leased the estates of several persons in Bingley, and recited his descent on the deeds. To John Dobson he re-leased a messuage and 20 acres of land, 5 acres of meadow and 5 acres of pasture in Marley and Harden. 
To William Currer he leased a messuage, 30 acres of land, 5 acres of meadow, 10 acres of pasture in Marley and Harden. 
To Isabel Parker, a messuage with 20 acres of land, 5 acres of meadow, 5 acres of pasture in Marley and Harden. Crossgates, with a cottage, 20 acres of land, 5 acres of meadow, 10 acres of pasture in Marley and Harden to Edward Watson. 
To Robert Savile a messuage and 40 acres of land, 10 acres of meadow, 30 acres of pasture, and 100 acres of heath in Marley and Harden, and to the following he released houses and lands from four to 12 acres, John Milner, John Furness, Robert Scott, Richard Driver, Alice Pighills, Thomas Blaykey, Thos. Milner, John Illingworth, Josh Bayley, John Michael, John Murgatroyd, John Bynnes, Samuel Waddington, Anthony Fell, Anthony Hickhornegill, William Butterfield, Christopher Calverley, John Leach, Thomas Crossley, John Rogers, Henry Philips, John Philips, Christopher Berry, George Beanlands, Edmund Jennings, William Rushworth, Abraham Leach, John Wood, Francis Berry, Brian Lister, Thomas Lister, John Lister, John Walters, Edmund Turner, Walter Butler, W Wood, Christopher Beanlands, Henry Turner, George Turner, Thomas Bradley, Anthony Fell, Joseph Hill, Joseph Angran.
The above taken from J. Horsfall  Turner. Ancient Bingley
Robert Paslew married Elizabeth Maude of Riddlesden Hall in 1402.
They owed the north isle in St. Peters Church Keighley which they kept in repair where in 1621 was an ancient gravestone with a shield containing their arms.
The Manor of Harden Purchased February 18 1540-1 by Walter PASLEW of East Riddlesden, already lord of Hainworth and Marley, nephew of Sir John PASLEW former Abbot of Whalley, hanged for his part in the Pilgrimage of Grace.
1637 after the death of Francis Paslew it was found that Walter Paslew, grandfather of said Francis was seized of the Manor of Riddlesden and one water corn mill, one fulling mill, 103 acres of land, meadows, pastures and wood in Riddlesden, and a capital messuage and 160 acres of lands, pastures, &c., in Marley in the tenure of George Paslew brother of the said Walter, and a messuage in Marley called Thwaites, and 110 acres of land, &c., in Marley in the tenure of Henry Wilkinson, and of three messuages and 200 acres of lands, pastures, &c., in Morley (sic), and seven messuages and 400 acres of laud, &c., in East Morton, and fifteen messuages and 500 acres, lands, pastures, woods, in West Morton, and a capital messuage called Ekisley (Exley) and 130 acres of land, &c., in Ekisley in Keighley in the tenure of Thomas Clapham, and a messuage called Horle House in Keighley and 86 acres in the tenure of Robert Sugden, and meadow, pasture, and wood at Harden Grange in the tenure of John Long, and a messuage and 170 acres of land, &c., at Harden in the tenure of Robert Laycock, and a messuage and 19 acres in Harden in the tenure of Thomas Firth, and a messuage and 168 acres in Harden in the tenure of Sir John Tempest, and a messuage and 22 acres in Harden in the tenure of - - Glover, and twenty-three messuages, one water mill, one fulling mill and 315 acres in Harden in the tenure of Walter Paslew, and three messuages and 60 acres of land, meadow, pasture and wood in Bingley in the tenure of Walter Paslew, and two messuages and 70 acres in Scoles in the tenure of Walter Paslew, a messuage and 19 acres in Priestthorpe in the tenure of Margaret Rycroft, widow, and a messuage and 20 acres in Priestthorpe, six messuages and 20 acres in Oakworth in the tenure of Walter Paslew, and two messuages and 66 acres in Haineworth and Lees in the tenure of Walter Paslew.

Pearson
A long line of corn millers. Guy Pearson was the son of John b1721, corn miller of Great Horton, his first wife was Haworth girl Susan Appleyard, with her he produced 7 children. From the parish registers we have ascertained that he was living at Mill Hill in Haworth and  in 1751 that he is a corn miller for the baptism of his daughter Elizabeth. From the death of his son Guy in 1757 we know he is at Mill Bridge Keighley. Wife Susan died in 1760, and in 1761 he married again to Hannah Moore. Guy and Hannah produced three children. At the baptism of their first son, Guy, we know he is at Lane Ends, Oakworth. 
Guys eldest son, James was a corn miller at Stockbridge in 1777 and we know he was still there in 1780, but by 1788 we find him at Mill Bridge, Keighley. James was married to Grace Battersby, their son John was also a corn miller at Stockbridge in 1802, his daughter Grace married into another corn milling family, the Smith's, marrying Daniel Smith corn miller of Bingley. Grace's brother William was a corn miller at Bingley. 
Mary the daughter of Guy and Susan, had a child out of wedlock, Sugden Pearson, he operated his carrier service from Market Place, Keighley. His daughter, Susanna married Lawrence Smith, brother of Prince Smith. Another daughter of Guy and Susan, Susannah, she married William Sugden, they were the parents of William Sugden of Eastwood House. Susannah and Williams daughter married John Greenwood of Ellar Carr Mill, Cullingworth. 
John, son of Guy and Susan married Grace Simpson, their son Guy was also a corn Mill, Guy lived at Hob Cote in Oakworth in 1796, 1713 and he is at Lane Ends in Oakworth. He would later move to Glusburn, but return to Oakworth in his later years. Guy married Mary Sugden. Their son also names Guy continued in the family trade of corn miller, working first at Glusburn with brother Thomas, then later  in Hanover Street, Keighley. Thomas would return to the corn mill at Mill Hill at Haworth. 
Mary, daughter of Guy and Mary married Samuel Terry of Cure Laith farm, it was their son Brian who would murder his wife Sarah Wright and become better known as the man in the Guard House Murder, from the book by December Grey. 
John son of John and Grace, married to Betty Pighills, took on Ponden corn mill for a while, 1805 to 1812 at Lane Ends, Oakworth. From 1813 till his death in 1843 he seems to have settled at Hill Top in Oakworth. This John also had a son by the name of John, and he too went into the family business, corn dealer, and in 1841 we find him residing in the Oakworth Hall area. After his death his wife Sarah moved to Pecket Well, Hebden Bridge to run The Robin Hood Inn. 
Elizabeth, daughter of John and Betty married William Roper, grocer of Haworth, she was his third wife, and a daughter, Ann  Roper married Charles Hird of Acre House, Keighley. 

Rawson
We have taken the information from what should be reliable source's. From the entries in Parish registers we have only used those that have given the place of residence, aware that there were branches of this family placed around the area, we did not want to make any errors. At the moment in time we have not included the Rawson's of Deanfield. Sources we have used: Visitation of England and Wales, Burkes and Parish Registers of Keighley, Bingley and non Conformists. 
Rawson's of Ingrow and Bracken Bank: John b 1505 d 1564 Ingrow Son John b 1535 d 1589 m Agnes three son's 

1) John b 1564 d Apr 1604 m 04 Feb 1600 Mary Shackleton. Daughter Elizabeth m William Hird.
2) William b 1568 d 1623 m 07 Feb 1596 Isabel Fowler. Children: Margaret  m Robert Wright. Isabella m her cousin John Rawson and they had a son William who died 29 Sep 1695 Bolton, Bradford. Elizabeth m William Midgley. Mary b 1605 d 05 May 1663 m Joseph Field of Shipley.
3) Anthony d 1614 in Bingley m Margaret Bean. Their daughter Maud m 1610 George Fairburn, son  John b 1583 m Elizabeth Oldfield they had daughter Lydia who married John Wilkinson and son John who married the above Isabella daughter of William Rawson.
Rawson's of  Stubbing House: There are reasons for us to believe that some members of the Rawson family from Stubbbing House were Quakers. Richard Shackelton on Harden was find for attending a Quaker meeting here. The family resided here for many years, we are aware of a John Rawson from this place in the early 1500's.  Taken from Keighley Past and Present "The last person of this ancient family residing in the neighbourhood, was one Thomas Rawson, who, stripped of his property, like many a greater man in exigency, took to the profession of school master". 
William had the following children. Ann b 1627 d 1639 Jeremiah b 1631 William b 1630 Elizabeth 1634 Joseph 1637 Jonathan (Johannis) 1642, Jonathan  had two daughters,  Elizabeth  b 1678 & Marianne b 1663
We suspect this is could be Thomas mentioned above who lost his property. Thomas Rawson of Stubbing House m 11 Feb 1751 Mary Beanlande, their children: John b 1753 Joseph b 1756 William b 1757 d 1777 Elizabeth b 1759 d 1777 Sarah b 1765.
Gulielmus d 1673. John son of William d 1625
Others: Isabel Rawson m 18 Jun 1565 in Keighley John Stell of Keighley, co. York husbandman. Will dated in 1604, proved at York  October 1607, by son John Stell.
We found a John with no place of abode listed baptizing the following children at Keighley: Willm  12 Dec 1562 John 12 Nov 1564 Jenet 6 Oct 1594 Margret 24 Nov 1594 Anne 10 May 1595 Mary 8 Jul 1604.
Isabell b  7 Nov 1595 Bingley Father's Name: Henry Rawson. 
Isabell Burial 5 Jun 1606 Bingley Henry Rawson
John Rawson m 28 May 1593 Kly Anne Fell.

Rhodes
Joseph Rhodes, Worsted Manufacturer of Low Bridge, Keighley, one of his son's, David had a drapers shop on High Street and was married to Mary Waterhouse, the daughter of Thomas, also a draper. David's son Jonathan, first works for his Grandmother Ann Waterhouse learning the draper trade in the South Street Shop. 1871 there is only himself listed and a servant,  Martha Waterhouse. In 1881 we can see that the shop takes up 43, 45 & 47 South Street, 1891 he is at Regent Place


Rishworths
  & Rushworth
rushworth.com
Riddlesden
There is a great deal on the internet regarding these families, so we shall not be covering them in any depth.
Rishworth brothers Henry - Israel & Clapham were Corn Millers, and the young men lived at Lawkholme Cottage. Henry Rishworth was in partnership with Isreal Clapham and they are mentioned in the newspaper item ADULTERATION OF FLOUR AT KEIGHLEY. The Bradford Observer (Bradford, England), Thursday, March 22, 1855; pg. 6.

Robinson
Thomas Robinson was a Worsted Manufacture in 1832 at Greengate, his son William was married to Sarah Maria Illingworth, daughter of William, Linen weaver of Grove Mill. William Robinson Worsted Spinner & Manufacturer was at Sutcliffe field, Long Lee in 1841 but at Strong Close Mill at 1851.
James Robinson married to Martha Taylor daughter of George Taylor of the Manor House Stanbury. James & Martha produced at least three children, James, George & William. 
George married Mary Heaton daughter of Robert Heaton of Royd House, Oxenhope. George was a manufacturer and farmer. George and Mary had three daughters, Mary Ann married Michael Merrall, Harriet married Michael Merrall brother Hartley Merrall. Maria married John Ogden, Worsted spinner and grocer. 
William Robinson married twice, his first wife was Susannah Sugden, and together they produced many children. William was a Worsted Manufacture and Inn Keeper of the Friendly at Stanbury.
Jabez Robinson, born in Addingham, started his working life in his fathers linen drapers shop on Green Street, Keighley, later taking over the same shop. Jabez daughter Sarah married William Weatherhead, Auctioneer of Croft House.

Ropers: See the Damems mills page for more on the Ropers.

Sellers
Robert Varley Sellers born in Cleckheaton, in 1851 was lodging  with Grocer Richard Snowden in Low Street, another lodger was William Darling Mechanic employing six men. William Darling, Robert Sellers & Charles Brown had a partnership, this was dissolved in 1854 & William & Robert continued as Darling & Sellers of Keighley. William Sellers of William Sellers and Sons was the brother of Robert and from 1866 they shared  Airedale Works. 

Sharp
William Sharp thisisbradford.co.uk  Gillett Sharpe was born in Keighley in 1781. Sharpe, overseer of the poor in Keighley, was interviewed by Michael Sadler and his House of Commons Committee on 6th June, 1832.
Old Three Laps, William Sharp.
Vale n Dale

Sharps of Intake and Whin Knowl
From information that we found in John Hodgson's book we have been able to find out a little of this family. We shall start with William, born at Field Head near Newsholme. Despite being out in the wilds and the lack of learning facilities around him, by the time he was an adult he had enough suitable education and qualifications to apply and be accepted for a post working for a London Solicitor. During his time there he was taken by the press gang, but his employers thought so much about him they fought for his release, and won. After around twenty years he returned to Keighley. He had managed while in London to save a considerable sum of money and bought the estate which contained Intake (off North Dean Road) and Whin Knowl farms. Living at Intake he started business as a manufacturer of stuff pieces. After Williams death Samuel along with his brother James continued the business of manufacturer of stuff pieces. We can find not record of their business after 1824 and wonder if the Butterworth panic had anything to do with them giving up or if we have just not been able to find the documentation. 
Eldest son Samuel carried on at Intake, but farming. After Samuel's death three of his children, James, John and Sarah carried on running the farm, but in 1858 both boys died, leaving Sarah alone. We tracked Sarah down in the 1871 census and find her still there at the age of 65 running the farm which is shown with 21 acres with two female servants. This particular line of Sharps seem to have come to an end here.
The other son, James takes on Whin Knowl  who Hodgson describes James Sharp as the most intelligent farmer in the parish and goes on to say that for a great number of years he was the surveyor at first for the parish and later for the board of health. His measurements and calculations being almost faultless. His greatness not noticed until after he retires from post when it took twice the salary to achieve the same amount of work. James produced seven children,  John Sharp was a surveyor of roads and continued living at Whin Knowl. 
Nanny died unmarried aged forty seven. 
William a School Master moved out of Whin knowl after getting married and somewhere between 1861 and 1871 changed occupation to Coal Agent. Viewing the 1881 census we see another change in career to Income Tax Collector but he is now living at Intake. I suspect that after Sarah's death he took over the property. It is his son James who farms the land at Intake. Once reaching manhood Williams other son Samuel Tertius Sharp, moves into the town to become a book keeper. 
Back a generation to the children of James, another son Thomas lived at Whin Knowl with an occupation of book keeper. Samuel starts off with an occupation of wool sorter, and once married to Mary Shackleton the daughter of Abraham Shackleton landlord of the Lord Rodney, moves into the town and continues with this occupation, until around 1871 when he turns to book keeping. After the death of his wife he returns to Whin Knowl and farms the land alongside his brothers. 
James remained at the farm until his death farming the land. 
Isaac Newton Sharp lived his life at Whin Knowl farming, at the grand age of seventy four after remaining a bachelor, on  19 Dec 1901 he married widow Maria Horseman, nee Gott. After the death of her first husband Maria had taken work at the Lord Rodney Inn. 


Shackleton
The Shackleton's can be traced back to the early 1500's, there are numerous entries in the parish registers relating to them. We shall make our start with John Shackleton of Laycock who died 12 Feb 1710. Of two sons that he had William who married Susannah Tillotson from Saxton in Elmet. Of the children they had we shall talk about Abraham.  
In 1782, Abraham Shackleton, who owned and occupied a farm at Braithwaite and wove worsted and cotton pieces, went into partnership with the Craven brothers of Guardhouse to establish cotton spinning and weaving business in two cottages and at Stell or Walk Mill, Keighley, which had previously been a fulling and silk mill. Shackleton went on to build Wood Mill at Goose Eye in 1798 and in the same year in partnership with the Cravens, Greengate Mill. He married Elizabeth (Betty) Greenwood who was the sister of John Greenwood of Cabbage House and Mill. 
Abraham and Betty's eldest child William married Rebecca Paget of Utley. Of the children that this marriage produced was Abraham who's first wife was a distant relative, Ann Shackleton, daughter of John. His second marriage was to Harriet Spence from Fewstone, she had also been married before, to William Fox who had been landlord at the Kings Arms, Haworth and Lord Rodney, Keighley. We can only assume that it was from this marriage to Harriet that Abraham too became a landlord, The Lord Rodney and the Golden Lion. All the children produced by Abraham and his first wife Ann seem to have stayed in farming, or in the case of the girls, married farmers, daughter Mary marrying Samuel Sharp of Whin Knowl, and Rebecca who married George Paget and they would move to Tuam, Ireland. 
Another son produced by Abraham and Betty Greenwood, Abraham Shackleton died unmarried but left 2 natural daughters who were unable to marry while he was alive as he threatened to cut them out of the will (Taken from Laycock Village website). They were Martha Smith and Elizabeth Smith, Elizabeth married William Shackleton,  quarry man of Lees near Haworth. This William Shackleton was the son of William Shackleton and Rebecca Paget. 
Another daughter of Abraham and Ann was Ann Shackleton, she married John Midgley Hird, the illegitimate son of Susan Hird of Daisy Hill Farm at Braithwaite. John Midgley Hird and Ann produced a daughter, Susan, she married late in life, and would be her husband, George Town,  second wife. George Town mother was Naomi Atkinson, Naomi's sister Jane had married Abraham Shackleton, Printer and Stationer and the son of William Shackleton and Elizabeth Smith. 
The unmarried Abraham was a farmer, mill owner and expert gardener. He also kept a diary in which he made detailed records of the weather, having a small weather station in his garden. In the diary he mentions that his uncle James Greenwood lent him a book on astrology. 
William Shackleton of Newsholme owner of several farms in the village and a close friend of Richard Butterfield, William was the father of Ann who married James Lund the father of William the industrialist. Son Richard Shackleton who was married to Sarah Bottomley he was in partnership at Goose Eye Mill with: John Bottomley of Holme house and Thomas Shackleton of Truewell Hole, John Bottomley was married to Thomas sister. Richard lost all his property after Goose Eye. Richards daughter Sarah married Isaac Butterfield, who's son Henry Isaac Butterfield would go on to great things. Daughter Martha married Michael Sugden of Green Top, Holme House, Stuff Piece manufacturer. 



Smith
 
There were many Smith's who did well one way or another in Keighley.
William Smith farmed 102 acres of Cavindish land in 1748.
Smith is one of the most common names, so we tread with care and make no attempt to make guesses  at the ancestry of any. While looking at the census our eyes fell on an entry for James Smith, High Street, Grocer and tobacco manufacture. Of his many children one of them, John would continue the tobacco side of things while his mother Elizabeth looked after the grocery side. One of John's daughters Paulina married John Smith also a grocer of Market Place. One of their children, John went on to be a tobacco and cigar manufacturer. 
*Alfred Smith of Skipton married Ann Elizabeth Hattersley the daughter of John Mitchell Hattersley and granddaughter of George Hattersley. Alfred had been part of Tetley and Smith worsted manufacturers of Skipton, after the end of this partnership he continued for some time in Skipton before entering the loom making business. Alfred and Ann lived at  Woodworth on Halifax Road built for John Clough.
Henry Smith a farmer of Silsden produced at least nine children. Daughter Sarah married   Joseph Padget, in 1871 we find him working at the Roe Buck Inn at Utley. Grace married Thomas Gill of Silsden, a farmer and beer seller. James married a lady by the name of Elizabeth, by 1861 James has died and Elizabeth is running the Roe Buck Inn and in 1871 is employing her brother in law Joseph Padget. Elizabeth died in 1874. James and Elizabeth had a son John who had been at the Kings Arms in Keighley, in 1881 he comes to the Roe Buck and is brewing and farming 97 acres. Mary Hannah Wilkinson was niece of John Smith Landlord of the Roe Buck and she was here in 1881 and in 1887 when she married James Weatherhead who's father William had been the landlord of the Commercial Inn. 

Corn Millers

For our next Smith family the earliest we can start with any certainty is with William Smith who married Elizabeth Thompson. William was the son of James and Elizabeth Smith. We know that James was a miller in 1758, and we know he was at Stockbridge in 1774, but we later found from an item in the Keighley News 16 May 1936 that he was the Landlord at the Kings Arms on Church Street in the 1780's. James father John being the licensee before him.
A book well worth reading is  The Master Spinner By Keighley Snowden.

William Smith born 1774 was the son of James, the corn miller at Stockbridge. Instead of becoming a miller, William started out making clocks, and was involved in this occupation from about 1799 until around 1815. 
They had at least ten children. One son James Smith married Frances Ellison daughter of John who was the landlord of the Crown Inn, Church Street. James was a farmer and Machine Maker at Threaproyd and lived at Royd House. 
Lawrence who started of as a whitesmith and mechanic later became a grocer, he married Susanna Pearson, she was the daughter of Sugden Person who was a carrier living and working from Market Street. A daughter of Lawrence and Susanna, Elizabeth Smith married William Gregson Roper of Haworth, who started off working for his father in the Main Street of Haworth but came down to Keighley to set up on his own account as wholesale and retail Grocer. Elizabeth's sister Mary married Joseph Pickles who was living and operating Holme Mill. Two of Lawrence's son's would follow the family trade, Person and Thomas. Back now to other children of William and Elizabeth.
George Smith the youngest of the children and a partner in the machine making business was by natural tendency more interested in horses, by 1871 he is describing himself as a farmer. George built himself a house called Lowfield, it stood next door to the library, on the site that would become the children's library, he bred some of the fastest trotting horses in the country. George's daughter Mary Ann married John Bairstow Spencer the son of George the law attorney. The most well known and remembered son of George is Swire Smith   He had another son, Samuel, neither son's married.
George and Prince Smith were brothers. One daughter of Prince, Susannah married Robert Clough of Grove Mill. Another daughter Thamer married John Clough the brother of Robert. Prince would name a son after himself, Prince Smith who would in turn have a son named Prince and would be called Prince Prince Smith, he married Maud Mary Wright the daughter of Henry Attorney at law. 


Some more Smiths who were corn millers, Robert was the brother of the above James We know from the entries in the Parish register for the birth of his children that in 1765 Robert, who was married to Anne Sugden in 1759 was living at Green Top, Braithwaite. 
Son Martin was a Farrier at Strong Close. 
William
built a warehouse and house in Blind Lane and went  into textiles. It is in Hodgsons Textile book where he says that William was the son of the corn miller at Stockbridge. 
David
was a farmer at Hainworth Wood Bottom. 
Son Joseph carried on milling at Stockbridge. From the census of 1841 we can see that Joseph is still living at Stockbridge but is now farming, the corn milling now being done by John Wright. Son of Joseph, John Smith who we trace in the 1851 census is a corn miller living on Eastwood Row, but we know not where he is working, possibly for the Wright family. 

Another family of Smith's milling, Daniel, born around 1762 and baptised in Bradford, he seems to be moving around the Bingley area judging by the entries in the Parish register for the  baptisms of his children, but each time his occupation is Corn Miller. Between 1789 and 1806 we found baptism entries for nine children, how many made it to adulthood we can not say. Betty 1789 - Martha 1792 - Samuel 1794 - Sally 1795 - Nancy 1798 - Joseph 1799 - Mary 1802 - Susey  1804 - John 1806. There is then a gap of three years before the last two baptisms, Hannah Barraclough Smith 1809 and Abraham Barraclough Smith 1811. Abraham Barraclough Smith married Sarah Morton, and from the baptism of their children notice he is a corn miller at Stockbridge, Keighley, later he farms at Morton.
While we have mention of the name Barraclough, used in the last two children above, we are aware of a Joseph Barraclough who was a miller at Harden Beck in the late 1700's and early 1800's, he was married to an Elizabeth Smith. Their daughter Anne marries William Atkinson, and one of their son's Benjamin, a tailor by trade, married Susannah Pearson, daughter of Guy Pearson, corn miller.

Yet another Smith family involved in milling, but this time at Cullingworth, and later in Skipton. John Smith b around 1800, we do wonder if he is the son of Daniel baptised in 1762, and who had a son John baptised in 1806. John Smith and his wife Ann are first located by us in the 1841 census, and then again in the 1851 census. The children they had are: Samuel Abt. 1827 - Susanna Abt. 1829 - Edmund Abt. 1832 - Ann Abt. 1833 - Daniel abt 1834 - Hannah abt 1842. 

Smith family of Thwaites and Long Lee
We have been able to ascertain that there were Smiths of some substance from a sale of property in 1860 at Thwaites. Two dwelling houses with garden orchard & croft and an area of around two roods occupied by John Smith & the daughters of the late Christopher Smith. Lot 2 Barn, mistal & stable with Cartwright shop with about eight perches of land, occupied by John Smith. Lot 3 two closes of land called Strong Close and Trough Ing, occupied by John Smith. Lot 4 two closes of land opposite Strong Close House, Ing otherwise Low Ing & Boring Hole otherwise Over Ing, occupied by John Smith. Lot 5 close of land in Thwaites called Ive Croft otherwise Ive Garth, occupied by John Smith. Lot 6 Stockbridge field occupied by D.S. Smith. Trustees for the sale which also included land and dwellings at Pinfold & Westgate were: James Harrison plumber and glazier of New Bridge St & William Smith Spindle Maker of Flosh House also Thomas Blakey Corn Miller. 
Christopher was married to Mary, the daughter of Thomas Hanson, Thomas occupied a farm at Long Lee under Lord George Cavendish, but owned a number of cottages mainly around Blind Lane area. From the will of Thomas daughter Mary seems to fair extremely well, and we wonder if this forms part of the dowry. 

Thomas and Hannah Smith produced three son's, Samuel was married to Mary Foulds, the sister of William Fowlds, Inn keeper.   Samuel Smith was a Spindle maker at Long Croft. His brother Simeon Smith, was a Reed & Heald Maker at Queen Street. 
Of Simeon's children he had two sons who went into business with each other, Simeon and Thomas. We do not know when they went into partnership, but we know when it was dissolved from and item in the London Gazette 1860. NOTICE is hereby given, that the Partnership heretofore subsisting between us the undersigned, Thomas Smith and Simeon Smith, carrying on business at Keighley, in the county of York, as Reed and Heald Makers, is this day dissolved by mutual consent.—As witness our hands this 2nd day of May, 1860. Thomas Smith. Simeon Smith.
What exactly went wrong we do not know, but we find Thomas in 1863 in debtors Jail: Thomas Smith, of Keighley, in the county of York, Reed and Heald Maker, late a Prisoner for Debt in Her Majesty's Prison at York Castle, having been adjudged bankrupt by a Registrar of the Court of Bankruptcy. 
We do not know when Thomas first wife, Mary Ann Sugden died, but he married again in 1869. Thomas carried on his trade, but out of the area.

Another Smith also a Reed & Heald Maker, John Smith, son of Blacksmith and shop keeper Sharp Smith. John was at Upper Green, his son Joseph married Elizabeth Clough and lived at Beechcliff House. 

Abraham Smith died in 1791, His estate fringed the river Worth south of the North beck and including Dam Close, he built West Greengate Mill for cotton spinning. His sister Margaret married Hugh Flesher, it was their daughter Agnes who married William Marriner. 
Abraham's uncle, Joseph Smith, built Castle Mill, Becks Road. Joseph's daughter Hannah married Jeremiah Carrodus, another daughter Grace married David Illingworth, heald yarn manufacturer. Their daughter Ann Illingworth built Grove Mill. 


Richard and Martha Hanson Smith of Keighley allfam.com Bracewell Smith attended Wesley Place School......Joseph Smith built Castle Mill on the North Beck.

Bracewell Smith like many men of Keighley who improved their lot came from humble beginnings. His father Samuel  a leather currier born in Warwickshire, and mother born in Bingley. From the census we can see that Bracewell's grandfather came to the area and living in Haworth at Hall, most probably came to the area for work, he is listed as a power loom weaver. The census of 1911 shows Samuel and daughter Alice living at South View, Hermit Hole. Bracewell's brother Louis in 1911 is married and living at 58 Cliffe View, Hainworth. The mother Salina is shown in 1911 with Bracewell and his family in London. Bracewell Smith is better known for being the person who donated Cliff Castle to the town for a museum. wikipedia.org

John Smith the son of Jonas Smith a farmer at Brogden near Laycock was at Wood Mill from approximately 1837 till 1853. He took Wood Mill to spin yarn, around a year later he introduced power looms into the mill but still continued to employ handloom weavers. He gave up around 1853 after being unable to compete with other manufactures, and his workforce unwilling to operate more than one loom at a time. John had married Sarah Sutcliffe, the daughter of Ingham Sutcliffe, who described himself as a cotton spinner of Ickornshaw. When John died in 1861 she remarried to widower Thomas Wiseman, cotton spinner of Barrowford, Colne, operating under the name of Thornber & Wiseman, this partnership ended in 1871. Afterwards Smith & Wiseman at Hill End. in Briercliffe.  This firm was known to pay the best wages. John William Smith the only surviving son of John and Sarah went to Colne with his mother and Step father, he seems to have worked for Thomas in the cotton spinning, but in the 1881 census we see that he is a master brick maker employing 6 men and one boy. John William is a named executer in his step fathers will. By 1861 James Hanson is living at Brogden and Ann Smith daughter of Jonas and her husband Jonathan Waddington who in 1851 were living there, with Jonas, are living in Laycock village. Another daughter of Ingham Sutcliffe, Betsy, married Moses Smith who at the time of his death was of Fountain Head, Laycock, in 1841 he is living at Wood Mill and is described as Overlooker, by 1851 he is farming at Far Laith, Laycock. What we did notice was that we were not able to locate Fountain Head on any map, but on the 1861 census it is entered right before Brogden. A newspaper item we found in the The Bradford Observer, October 08, 1863. On Thursday last, at the Wesleyan Chapel Keighley, by the Rev Thomas Wood,  assisted by the Rev Thomas West, Thomas Wiseman Esq of Colne to Mrs. John Smith of Fountain Head, near Keighley.
We wonder if  Moses and John Smith are related. In the 1851 census at Brogden, we have Ann and her husband, her father Jonas, listed as a lodger, and a John Smith age 32, in the relation to head column, the word relative has been written over and replaced with lodger. We believe this is Aaron Smith's eldest son, Aaron was the second son of Jonas, Aaron was a Grocer on Leeds Street. There was another son, William, born at Brogden in 1798. 


Spencer
William Spencer of Malsis Hall, Sutton produced William born 1775. His eldest son also called William married twice, first wife being Mary Aldersley the daughter of Peter of Raygill House. They produced two son's and a daughter Mary Sarah who married James Lund of Knowle and later Malsis Hall. Son's were  Peter William and Edward George, this son married twice, his first wife being Jane Clough.  William born 1775 daughter Ellen married John Town papermaker, John was her second husband, she was the widow of Richard Harper. William's other son George married Sarah Bairstow of the Bairstows corn millers and worsted manufactures. Of their children Elizabeth Spencer married Joseph Henry Craven of Strong Close House. Sarah Helen married corn miller William Midgley. John Bairstow Spencer worsted spinner and manufacturer married Mary Ann Smith sister of Swire Smith. Their daughter Amy married Corn Miller Percy Bairstow.
Other sons of George and Sarah Bairstow, Thomas Wilson Spencer Attorney at Law. George Emmett Spencer Attorney at Law, North Street Keighley. 
John Wilson Spencer Lime merchant and solicitor married  Mary Elizabeth Craven daughter of Joseph Henry Craven and Elizabeth Spencer. 
John Spencer
of Broom House. John Spencer and Sons wool staplers consisted of father John, son's John and David, and son in law Thomas Binns. Grace, daughter of John married Banks Booth, licensee of the Woolpack. Sally married Richard Williamson Corn Miller of Williamson and Townend New Bridge Street. Son David Woolstaper Chapel Lane. David's daughter Rebecca Mary Anne  married Benjamin Flesher Marriner. 


Stell  
John Crossley of Luddenden Lord of the Manor of Oakworth sold his property to William Firth & and his rights in the manor to Michael Stell. Of the three farms that Michael owned only Wellhead lay in the lordship. Michaels son sold the manor to Ferrand who in 1730, Ferrand owned no property in the manor. 
Taken from Keighley past & present "There are three manors in this parish. The first belongs to His Grace the Duke of Devonshire; the second to the Lord Fairfax, of Denton, within five miles of this place; the third to Mr. Michael Stell, of Well Head, in this parish, who lately died, and since his disease, it fell to his eldest son and heir, Mr. Michael Stell, of Well Head, in the parish of Keighley. In all which are or may be kept Courts Baron, though only in the first there is kept a three weeks' Court on a Thursday, and two head Court days in a year."
Michael Stell was Lord of the Manor of Oakworth. Despite his title Michael Stell should be regarded as  a prosperous yeoman farmer rather than as a gentleman. His will shows that he owned two other farms, one at Stairs in Far Oxenhope and the other at Hey in the Parish of Keighley.
Michael had the following children: Mary, Martha,  Ann (who might also have been called Amy), Michael and Joseph.
Michael Stell senior died  1723. Michael, the elder son, got Hey and Joseph the farm at Stairs. Wellhead was to be shared between them.
Michael junior produced at least five children. One son, Joseph, married Alice Iveson, the sister of Thomas Iveson, the father of Thomas Howgill Iveson, Worsted Spinner of Greengate, and later Hey Gardens. 
A son of Joseph Stell & Alice Iveson, Robert married Isabelle Atkinson. Of their children, Joseph a Cordwainer first of Market Place, but after his marriage then of Park Lane. In 1841 we find children George and Sarah Whitaker living with him, there are with him and his new wife in 1851, with the addition of John Whitaker, the children are listed as son's and daughter. In 1841 the two year old John Whitaker is living with Joseph Stell's younger brother Richard. 
What we have managed to ascertain is that the parents of these three children were Robert Whitaker and Sarah Stell, Sarah registered young Johns birth, she list's herself as widow. We can only imagine that Sarah was the sister of Joseph & Richard. Joseph Stell & Hannah Smith do not seem to have produced any children of their own.
Richard Stell, Mechanic of Thwaites & son of Robert & Isabelle Atkinson died before 1851, his wife Ann remarried to John Heyworth, a beerhouse keeper of Todmorden, she took the children she had with Richard with her. One of the children, Lydia, married Mosses Driver, she had moved in to be a servant after Mosses first wife Alice Iveson Stell died, then later married him. Alice was the illegitimate daughter of Lydia Stell, who was the daughter of Robert Stell & Isabelle Atkinson.
We shall now return to our original Michael Stell Lord of the Manor of Oakworth, and his most famous son, Joseph Stell 1710 - 1768. Joseph married Alice Taylor. Of the six children they produced we shall stay with William, at this time he is the only child of Joseph that we feel that we can record with confidence.
William was married twice, with his first wife Mary he produced Michael, who married Dinah Emmott. One of their daughters Elizabeth married John Dunderdale, who was from Barrowford but made knowle Gate his home. A son of Michael & Dinah, William, after his marriage he moved to Bradford and in 1851 we find he is a worsted spinner employing 33 people (mostly children)   and living at Apple Hall, which appears to be two dwellings as the next person in the census at that same place is another employer, a Mr. Clayton. We found an advertisement for Apple Hall, Bradford from a few years previous to Stell living there: 
A Genteel HOUSE, called APPLE-HALL, situated in Barker-End, near Bradford, in the County of York, consisting of a neat Dining-Room, Drawing-Room, Hall, Store-Room, an elegant Stair-Case, another for Servants, Dressing Closets, six Lodging Rooms, a Lodging Rooms, a large Cellar and a Kitchen over it, with a Pump therein fixed to a strong Spring of excellent good Water, which never yet in the least way was found to fail, Brew House and Wash-House adjoining thereto, Stable, Hay-Loft and other suitable Conveniences thereto belonging, with a Garden in the Front well stocked with choice Fruit Trees; and, if Land is wanted, the Tenant may have a few Acres near the House. The Situation of Apple-Hall is remarkably pleasant, and is only Half a Mile from Bradford, fronting to the great Turnpike-Road leading from thence to Leeds. For farther Particulars apply to Mr. Benjamin Farrer, of Bradford aforesaid.
We return to William Stell & his second wife Alice Atkinson. Their son Smith Stell married Mary Waddington, They had two son's, Joseph & Fenton. There is more information on Fenton Stell on the "Men Of Worth" website.

John Stell, Hill Top near Keighley 14 Nov 1846




John Stell, son of Joseph   25 March 1766

 

John Stell, son of Joseph 22 Dec 1767

 

In July 1767, Hargreaves received a letter complaining of the ill-treatment of Jane Humber, who had been apprenticed to Joseph Stell of Keighley, a ribbon weaver, in January 1767. In October 1767 he was ordered to go to Keighley to gather evidence so that Stell could be prosecuted at Knaresborough Sessions. Richard Hargreaves, the secretary of the Ackworth hospital. Stell was he was employing orphaned girls from as young as five, assigned to him from the Foundling Hospital in London. We know that James Greenwood at Vale mill was also doing the same.

  Joseph Stell 1710 - 1768. If we take a few facts from “Revival to Regency A History of Keighley and Haworth 1740-1820"
The same year that Joseph married Alice Taylor in 1733 and he sold his farm at Stairs and his interest in the Wellhead farm to his brother. With the money he rented a warehouse in Keighley market place, acquired a stock of goods and started on his travels as a chapman. 
In 1744 Stell took the old fulling mill at Keighley and the next year a patent for silk weaving by water power was taken out in the joint names of Kay and Stell. Production did not begin immediately. A visitor to Keighley in 1750 observed that the factory was still “setting up”. The delay may have been caused by Kay’s emigration to France.
By 1751 Stell had gathered enough money together to begin purchasing property. By a deed dated the 11 November he purchased from Samuel Whaley of St. Ives “All that Messuage or Tenement now divided into several Cottages or Dwelling houses situate in the Market Place of Keighley together with Two Shops, One Barn, One Stable, One Chamber and all other Buildings there unto belonging, all now in the several Tenures or Occupations of the said Joseph Stell, James Parker, John Wood and George Keighley.” The purchase transformed him at a stroke from a tenant to a landlord controlling most of one side of the Market Place. Included in the same transaction were several pieces of land — Flosh Close, the Ravenroyd, the Pinnels, a close called Hardings, together with strips in both the Townfield and the Lawkholme Lane Field.
Joseph Stell’s brother.in-law, James Taylor, was a tallow chandler. He owned an estate at Southowram consisting of a house, several cottages and nine closes of land, together with a house on the corner of Cornmarket street in Halifax. Taylor had run himself into financial difficulties. He had mortgaged his property to Ralph Downes of Wakefield and was encountering problems in keeping up the payments. He offered to sell the estate to Stell for £300 on condition that he took over the mortgage and paid him an annuity of £30 for the rest of his life. To read the full story on this "The Downfall of Stell".

Some time after 1759 the estate of Thomas Micklethwaite in Keighley came on the market. The land was down by the Worth in an ideal position for a silk tape mill. The temptation was too great. Stell took out a second patent in the names of Kay and himself, bought the estate and erected a purpose built silk tape mill. The cost of the estate was covered by a mortgage for £800 from Anthony Cooke of Owston. When the mill was complete he found that he needed more land for a tail goit to his mill dam. In 1761 he raised a second mortgage of £300 from Cooke with which he bought Dam Close from John Blakey. Note: From other documents we have ascertained that Greengate was commonly called Dam Close.

In 1763 he executed a deed with his son, John, now grown to man’s estate, and running the new mill. When John backed out in 1766 he was replaced by John Colvile, a Glasgow merchant.
We wonder if son John was aware that his father was in an unstable position financial wise, and was able to put enough aside to save himself when the time came that the crown would take everything that Joseph had. We hope that at some point we are able to investigate further what became of John. We have been able to establish what became of William, Edward did not live beyond being an infant, this leave the eldest son John.
The lives of the family must have been terrifying, wondering what the outcome for them would be, also the shame that they must surly have faced.
What became of poor Alice?
Did oldest son John provide for her, and was she the Alice Stell, widow that married widower Timothy Clayton 5 May 1779? 
maggieblanck.com
  
The downfall of Stell vale n dale

 

Anne Stell, inventer of the safety stirrup bar, 

A moden version of the same type of thing.

I suspect, & it is only a suspicion, that Anne Stell could well be the daughter of Joseph who was hung at York in 1768 because in 1769 in another application it says    "Anne Stell late of Keighley, in the West Riding of York, spinster, (in conjunction with her late father)". Joseph had been involved in inventions himself, he would also have had the means & know how to produce a prototype. An advert in 1770 is for Anne Stell. Anne the daughter of Joseph married in 1773

 

 

 

STELL, Anne.—" A most certain and infallible method to "prevent the danger which often attends the hanging by the "foot or leg in the stirrup by riders falling or being thrown from "their horses." An angular staple of iron or other metal is rivetted or screwed at its extreme ends to the saddletree. In the under part is a groove, in which a steel spring is fixed by an iron pin. At the end of the angle is another groove, in which an iron or steel trigger is fastened by a pin on which it turns. This trigger " is compressed upon the under side by the steel spring "fixed in the grove, which regulates this trigger in its motion of "turning up or falling down; it also fixes and holds it steady "and fast when it stands upright. Between this trigger and the "perpendicular angle of the staple (and upon that projection) the "stirrup leather is hanged, which supports and bears the rider "and stirrup-iron. To the said inner perpendicular angle of the "staple is fixed by a screw a steel spring to receive the trigger or "finger: when the rider's foot or leg hangs in the stirrup, the "stirrup and leather draw back and form a sloping or angular "line," and, as the horse moves forward, the stirrup leather presses upon the trigger and causes it to open and fall down.


  


Sugden  
Abraham Sugden  Castle mills. 
William Sugden Fleece Mills & Higher Providence Mill. 
John Sugden Lower Providence Mills. Jonas Sugden was a  Methodist preacher and he bought Vale Mill in 1844.
William Sugden married Mary Ann Greenwood of the Haworth branch of Greenwoods. His sister Sarah married John Greenwood of the Keighley branch of Greenwoods. William built Eastwood House and Fleece Mills.
Caroline Sugden the daughter of William and Mary Ann Greenwood married an immensely wealthy man Elkanah Armitage, he was the son of Sir Elkanah Armitage of Hope Hall, Pendleton. Armitage's were one of the biggest cotton manufacturers in the world.
John Greenwood Sugden, Esq., of Eastwood House and Steeton Hall
The last of the male line of the Sugden's of Eastwood House was the son Hatton Greenwood Sugden 1851-1934, whose only son, Guy Hatton Sudgen, was killed in World War One killed at the Somme in France on October 12, 1916.

Michael Sugden married Martha Shackleton, the daughter of Richard Shackleton of Green Top, Martha's sister Sarah married Isaac Butterfield. Martha had a son in 1819, some five years before her marriage to Michael. The son was called Richard Sugden Shackleton.
After the marriage Michael moved to Green Top and started business as a stuff piece manufacturer. Later he moved to the warehouse at Croft House built by Tomas Binns and occupied part of it. Later he moved to Acres Mill using power looms. Michael's two daughters were provided for by their cousins the Butterfield brothers. 

Abraham Sugden descends from the Sugdens of Dockroyd, Oakworth. His sister was Grace Newton Sugden, she married Samuel Clapham (see entry for Clapham Bros., Ltd., Ironfounders). Abraham was in partnership with John Lund at Castle Mill.

Summerscales
Once upon a time there was a Summerscales Musical and Verse Speaking Competitive Festival in the town, in 1968 they held the 64th event. It was set up as a memorial to William Henry Summerscales, a keen church man with a great interest in music. 
The family seem to originate from Silsden and Kildwick. 
Elizabeth (Betty) Summerscales was the first wife of Lodge Calvert of Aireworth Mill.
Alice Maude Summerscales married John Blakey the corn miller.
The Summerscales not only well known for their love of music, but for being machine makers at Phoenix Foundry, Keighley. 
W Summerscales and sons

Swire
Jonas and Thomas might well have been brothers. Both were clogger's. 
Son's of Jonas, Jonas junior who continued his clogging trade in Keighley. Thomas was employing two men at Hainworth Shaw. Benjamin after working for his father moved away from the area, but continued to be a clogger. William however became a grocer. Thomas Swire  clogger of High Street had at least two children, a son also called Thomas,  a Clogg and Patten maker of New Bridge Street, his son Henry continued in the family trade of clogging, another son John start out clogging but in later life became an art teacher. Son Thomas went to be a clerk in a tannery. Mary daughter of Thomas the clogger of High Street married George Smith and amongst their other children would produce Swire Smith.


Taylor
John Taylor, Baron Ingrow (1985-92), was Chairman and Managing Director of the Keighley brewing firm, Timothy Taylor and Co. He served in the Royal Signals in Europe, the Middle East and Far East during the 2nd World War and was later actively involved in politics, for which he was awarded his peerage. John Aked Taylor, born 1917, the grandson of Timothy Taylor.
Elizabeth Petyt of Hazlewood, Bolton Abbey, married Richard Taylor of Bingley at Bolton Abbey in 1816 Timothy  was born at Bingley in 1826. Timothy  married Charlotte Aked  daughter of printer and publisher Robert Aked of Keighley  Timothy continued in his old trade as a tailor  had a shop in Low Street, Some time during the mid 1850s Timothy changed his occupation to  maltster and brewer. He had premises in Cook Lane five years later he removed to a new site at Knowle Spring. (Knowl Spring House was owned by his father in law) Timothy died in 1898.
 

Town
Town was back in the 1800's a very popular name, there were families of Town in Silsden, Addingham and Keighley.
Harold Clifford Town. People of Keighley will have heard of the collage called Harold Town, Chesham Street off Dalton Lane. This building used to be The Keighley Lift Company before becoming a collage, on the main staircase is a stained glass window with the date 1908. Harold had been the Head of the Engineering Department of Keighley Technical College and Consultant at T S Harrison & Sons Ltd, Heckmondwike. From the 1911 census we can see that his father is dead and at age 15 is a machine tool draftsman. He came from a family of butchers, his father Nathan being a master butcher on Church Street.
Harold Clifford Town grandfather was Nathan Town butcher of Church Street, and he and his wife prejudiced many children. Joseph butcher of High Street, Benjamin butcher of Princess Street then Aireworth Street. Jane married butcher Town Clapham, Town Claphams parents were John Clapham and Eleanor Town, the daughter of Nathan and Jane Moorehouse. Sarah married butcher Hugh Ellison. Mary married clogger John Reeday. Henry moved out of Keighley but continued in the family trade. Edward a butcher in Market Street, Collage Street then Highfield Lane. Ellen married Gilbert Driver a Commercial Traveler. Daniel also continues the trade and works for his brother Nathan. Grace married Silsden butcher Richard Summerscales. Richards sister Martha Summerscales married Nathan Town he was the son of Benjamin and his second wife Elizabeth Rhodes, his first wife was Rebecca Hindle who had died in 1851, poor Rebecca Town, in the time she had been married she had produced thirty children, none of which survived. Her grave hidden for many years was rediscovered in an overgrown and forgotten area. Benjamin was Great grand uncle of Harold Clifford Town. 
Harold Clifford Town Great Grandfather Joseph Town born  20 Oct 1793 in 1841 we find him in Upper Green a butcher, but in 1871 in Cavendish Street. His son Joseph a butcher on High Street, but not producing any son's retires before 1891. The other son Nathan we have already covered above. 
All the above descend from Nathan Town who was a butcher and Jane Moorehouse , from the parish records we have ascertained that they had at least twelve children, Eleanor the eldest born 1792 to Nathan born 1819. In amongst those children there is Timothy, also a butcher in 1851 he is at Low Street, but he moves away ending in Great Timble, the area his wife came from.  

Town the paper makers of Turkey Mill at Goose Eye. 
John Town baptised at Kildwick, a butcher in Keighley was married to Ann Thompson of Haworth. There is no doubt he would be related to the above Town family. The Baptists were first introduced into Keighley by a Mr. John Town, who was a member of the Baptist church at Haworth. Around 1810 John opened up one of his rooms at home for worship. On Easter Monday, 1813 the first stone was laid for a chapel on land provided by Town, it would not be unreasonable to assume he also paid for the building of the church as well as providing the land to do so. Mr. Town and his wife, who died within ten days of each other; and whose remains were deposited in the burial-ground adjoining the chapel; and to whose memory a handsome tombstone was been erected by the family.
The area known as Westgate was land belonging to John Town, streets were given names that were associated with him. Turkey Street after the mill, Leeds Street because he also had business and family there, and Quebec, so named because that is where a family member  settled after emigrating in the early 1820's
It is said that it was he who bought the mill for two of his sons John and Joseph, he had also produced five girls. Hannah married Samuel Smith. Samuel Smith went into the paper making business and in 1841 and 1851 we find him in residence at Goose Eye. John the son of John and brother of Hannah married  Ellen Spencer a daughter of William Spencer of Malsis Hall, Sutton. John was most definitely part of the Turkey Mill paper manufacturing, not having produced any children of his own he the executers of the will were John Haggas worsted manufacture who was the son of his sister Sarah and William Haggas. The other son of John and Ann Thompson was Joseph Town, he moved to Leeds and the Town family were in business here making paper,  Joseph Town & Son, one of his sons William would return to Keighley, living at Laycock, Yew Bank Skipton Road and then at the Hills at Cross Flats. The paper making Town family were keen Baptists, all of John and Ann's children were baptised at the Baptist church and we know that when Joseph moved to Leeds he continued in that faith Biblicalstudies

Robert Arthur Turner made up one half of Messrs Turner & Foulds. Robert Arthur Turner was married to Hiram Foulds sister Mary in 1863 making the two brothers in law. See shops page. Two of Robert Arthur Turners sons became known in their own right through the years. Ernest succeeded to the contracting business subsequently styled as Ernest Turner & Sons building among other projects the Broomhill estate & significantly involved in the Bracken Bank project. Son Wilfred studied for the law eventually forming his own practice in his own name Turner's solicitors of Keighley; subsequently employing one Harry Wall (descendant of Thomas Wall spirit merchant) as a pupil. Wilfred Turner eventually took Harry Wall as a partner restyling the practice Turner & Wall.
Hilda Fowlds (1891-1931) one of Hirams children became a teacher after graduating from London University. She was appointed headmistress of William Gibbs' School Faversham, Kent in 1921. She made several visits to Eastern Europe particularly Hungary where she made a number of friends. It was while visiting Hungary in September 1931 that she became one of some thirty people killed in the Biatorbágy railway disaster when the Budapest-Paris Express was derailed by a bomb. www.ssees.ucl.ac.uk More details https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Szilveszter_Matuska

Wall
Thomas Wall born 1805 in Addingham, Wine & Spirit Merchant of Cook Lane. He was married to Mary Iveson, the daughter of Thomas Howgill Iveson, manufacturer of Heys Gardens. They had many children and all married well. Emma to Thomas Blakey, Corn Miller and Maltster. Mary to William Blake Williamson a manufacturer. Thomas to Mary Jane Thomas, the daughter of a wine merchant. 

 

Walbank-Wallbank
There were two main Walbank families in Keighley. We shall  start first with Nathaniel Wallbank who we suspect, but have not yet proven, that he was the son of John Wallbanck of Colne. Nathaniel Wallbank born 1743, died 10 Feb 1821, and was married to Betty Keighley. From the baptism records of his children we know he started off married life at Cabbage Croft, this was long before Greenwood obtained the land to build his mill and house, he then moved to Thwaites. 
One son Jonas married Alice Clapham and went to live at Brimham, but had most of his children baptised at Keighley. 
Another son, William was married twice, first to Martha Fox in 1789,  the daughter of William Fox the miller of Mill Bridge. They had a least one child, a son John. After Martha's death William married Mary Hartley and their son Nathaniel was baptised in 1789. Nathaniel, who was well known in his day as an industrialist.  Nathaniel worked hard and prospered and in 1822 we find him listed in the trade directory at High Street, but sadly most of his trade was with the Butterworth's, and he would be ruined in the Butterworth panic of 1826. Over time he managed to pay back his creditors and start up again, taking room and power at Fleece Mills. In a short while he was back on his feet, and when better times arrived he married. Unfortunately the events of 1826 had taken  toll on him, shortening his life, dying at the age of 56. 
Nathaniel's son William married Maryann, the daughter of Aaron Iveson, draper of High Field Villa. Aaron was the son of Iveson of Greengate and Hey Garden mills.
Another Nathaniel Wallbank born 1802 who came from Colne, took the farm Two Laws. They had at least nine children, being born between 1824 and 1854. One son was Joseph, he married Mary Anne Butterfield, these two had a son Samuel who was landlord of the Grouse Inn in 1901. Mary Anne Butterfield had a brother Joseph who had been the landlord of the same place for almost 40 years until sometime after 1881.  


Weatherhead
There are two families of note, one from Silsden and another from Keighley.
William
Weatherhead late 1700's early 1800's was Landlord at the Commercial Inn, Church Green amongst his other occupations were Farmer and grocer. Daughter Jane married Coal merchant Thomas Seed. Another daughter Nancy married John Clough of Grove Mill. It was his son William that would take over at the Commercial Inn. This William had a son called David who was an Architect and combined that work with Corn dealing. David became a member of the Spiritualist society, he was a former Chartist agitator. A wealthy grocer, Provision Merchant and printer who had recently lost a son, David bankrolled a new publication The Yorkshire Spiritual Telegraph READ ONLINE. David and his brother Fredrick William were in partnership on Cook Lane, D. and F Weatherhead corn millers.  
Another of William's sons James would take up the Commercial Inn, giving three generations at the same Inn.
Our second William was married to Elisabeth (Betty) Wilkinson, we have no idea if she is related to the two sisters Sarah and Mary Ann Wilkinson who married son's of William and Betty. 
William the son of above mentioned David was an auctioneer and had sale rooms in Low Street which he made available to St. Marks at Utley to enable them to raise funds for a new church.
David's brother Samuel  went into law. Another brother Thomas lived in Bingley and was a maltster. 
William
Weatherhead landlord at the Red Lion in Silsden. His son Thomas took over in 1861. Thomas son Herbert Henry took over next.

Waterhouse
Thomas Waterhouse a Draper and manufacturer on South Street. After his death his wife Ann continued to run the shop, his son also called Thomas took over the manufacturing. 

Wilkinson
This family married into some of the better families in Keighley. 
Betty Wilkinson daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Shackleton married 20 Apr 1802 William Weatherhead landlord of the Commercial Inn, Church Green.
Frances Wilkinson married 1751 William Blakey,  Woolstapler.
Judith Wilkinson married Bartholmew Catlow Carrodus,  Worsted Manufacturer. 
Martha Wilkinson married 29 May 1810 William Anderton, Manufacturer.
Martha Wilkinson married 14 Feb 1834 Joseph Lapish, she was his second wife.
Mary Wilkinson married 25 Nov 1845 David Wilkinson Weatherhead, Grocer, and son of the above mentioned William Weatherhead, landlord of the Commercial Inn. 
Mary Ann Wilkinson married 28 Feb 1843 Thomas Weatherhead, Maltster, and son of the above mentioned William Weatherhead, landlord of the Commercial Inn. 
Mary Hannah Wilkinson married 1887 James Weatherhead, landlord of the Commercial Inn, Church Green.
Sarah Wilkinson married 06 Jan 1842 Samuel Weatherhead, Solicitor and son of the above mentioned William Weatherhead, landlord of the Commercial Inn. 
David Wilkinson was born in early 1700's and produced at least five children, eldest daughter Frances married 1751 William Blakey,  Woolstapler the next, Deborah married John Blakey Attorney at Law. Son Peter married Martha Brayshaw in 1755.

Williamson
Richard Williamson was born in 1765 and married to Sarah Spencer, the daughter of John Spencer, Wool Stapler of Broom House. Richard was a corn miller on New Bridge Street, and until 1801 had been in partnership with Robert Evers. Sarah and Richard had a number of children, the eldest son John Williamson was a Worsted Spinner at Dam Side Mill, and later a farmer. His sons also went into manufacturing, sons Francis and John at Griffe Mill, Stanbury. 


Wright:
John Wright married Sarah Clapham, the daughter of Holmes Clapham of Utley. John and Sarah lived at Lower Laith and had at least four children. John William Wright and brother Holmes had Freedom Mill, Morton and were paper makers, their brother Henry became a solicitor and he lived at Mayfield House, Keighley. Henry's daughter Maud Mary Wright married Prince Prince Smith. Henry's son John James Wright went into the papermaking business at Morton and married Emma Louisa Haggas, the daughter of John Haggas and Elizabeth Clough. Another of Henry's son's Holmes Wright followed his fathers footsteps and went into law, up until 1901 he was in partnership with John J Waterworth and John Waterworth.

Prospect Mill - Lumbfoot - Damams - Ingrams . There is more on this line of the Wright family on the
Damems Mill Page
The following information supplied by Allan Smith: James, John & Hebden WRIGHT were the sons of John WRIGHT snr. & Sarah HEBDEN, who were married on 27 August 1832 at Bingley Parish Church. They were all born in the New Road Side/Hermit Hole area, and became clerks/bookkeepers to the BUTTERFIELDS at Prospect Mill. James WRIGHT, the eldest, was born in 1833, and died at 'The Whins' on 21 April 1913. He married Jane Anne Manby PAGET, daughter of William PAGET of Skipton, solicitor. No issue. Because of the WRIGHT's associations with the BUTTERFIELDS in connection with Prospect Mill, James WRIGHT became steward to Henry Isaac BUTTERFIELD during the building of Cliffe Castle. 
It has been said that when BUTTERFIELD decided to demolish the old Cliffe Hall in order to start from scratch and build Cliffe Castle, the house was taken down and rebuilt by James Wright at Whinswood, and re-named 'The Whins'. 
Certainly, the WRIGHTS were resident at 'The Whins' in 1881, which fits in about right with the time that Cliffe Castle was built. All the family are buried at Ingrow Church, with the exception of Mrs. James WRIGHT, who was interred at Waltonwrays Cemetery at Skipton. See Butterfield for additional information.

Report in the Keighley News of Saturday 26 April 1913 about the funeral of James Wright, says that James' wife Jane Ann Manby Paget, joined with her sisters in erecting a stained glass window in Keighley Parish Church to the memory of their parents, and their ancestor, the Rev. Richard PAGET, first protestant rector of Keighley after the reformation. He was Rector from 1578 to 1615, although his name was spelt PATCHETT. His patrons were the Executors of Henry, Duke of Cumberland.
Jane Ann Manby Paget was the daughter of Skipton Solicitor  William Paget and his wife Eliza Manby. Eliza Manby was the daughter of John Manby who started life making clocks, and open what was to become one of the best known shops in Skipton in a building that had once been the Ship Inn.

John WRIGHT of 'The Elms', Damems. Born 1837, died Good Friday, 03 April 1896 at Southport. Married Edith Elizabeth BERRY, daughter of Dr. BERRY of Keighley. No issue.   
Hebden WRIGHT, born 18 August 1843, died at 'The Whins', 23 July 1914. Unmarried. Benefactor or the Hebden Wright Trust, the Almshouses in Dorothy Street, and the stained glass windows at Hermit Hole Chapel. In spite of the brothers' fame as manufacturers, he is perhaps the one whose name has lived on the longest due to the Hebden Wright Charity, which provided a tea for old people of the district right up into the 1970s. And there are still people living in the Almshouses in Dorothy Street, also part of his Will.
Taken from THE LONDON GAZETTE, 1 SEPTEMBER, 1914 Re -HEBDEN WRIGHT, Deceased. Pursuant to the Law of Property Amendment Act, 1859. NOTICE is hereby given, that all creditors and other persons having any claims or demands against the estate of Hebden Wright, late of The Whins, Keighley, in the county of York, retired Manufacturer, deceased who died on the 23rd day of July, 1914. and whose will was proved in the District Registry, at Wakefield, of the Probate Division of His Majesty's High Court of Justice, on the 14th day of August, 1914, by Hubert Edward Wood, of Redcote, Keighley, Bank Manager, and Samuel Hey, of Hanover-street, Keighley, Patent Agent, the executors therein named, are hereby required to send the particulars, in writing, of their claims or demands to Messrs. Spencer, Clarkson and Co., of 40, North-street, Keighley, the Solicitors for the said executors, on or before the 30th day of September, 1914, after which date the said executors will proceed to distribute the assets of the said deceased amongst the persons entitled thereto, having regard only to the claims and demands of which they shall then have had notice; and they will not be liable for the Assets of the said deceased, or any part thereof, so distributed, to any person or persons of whose claims or demands they shall not then have had notice.—'Dated this 28th day of August, 1914. SPENCER. CLARKSON and CO.,-Solicitors for  the said Executors.
Extracts from the will provided by Allan Smith:

Extracted by Spencer Clarkson, solicitors, Keighley.
Hermit Hole Chapel, £2000.
Organist & male singers in choir, £7 per quarter of year, for maintenance of organ and for purchase of music.
Victoria Hospital, £3000.
Worn Out Wesleyan Methodist Ministers & Ministers Auxiliary Fund, £3000.
Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society, £2000.
Dr. Barnardo's, £1500.
Dr. Stephenson's National Childrens' Home & Orphanage, £1500.
Haworth & Stanbury Churches & Schools, £1000.
Stanbury Wesleyan Chapel, £1000.
Bogthorn Primitive Methodist Chapel, £1000 .
James Squire Wright of Trawden, cousin, £1000.
Herbert Edward WOOD, Redcote, Keighley, Bank Manager (executor of Will), £500.
Samuel HEY, Hanover Street, Keighley, Patent Agent (also executor), £500.
Annie Spaggs, Bridlington, cousin, £500.
Charles Herbert Leeson, Saltburn, friend, £500.
John Gregory Leeson, Porth Cawl, friend, £500.
Mary Wardman, Aberdovey, £250.
Joseph Wright, Scholes, half cousin, £200.
Margaret Wright, also of Scholes, cousin, £200.
Lucy Hale, Liverpool, friend, £200.
Arthur Smith, Ingrow, employee,£200.
James Midgley, Ingrow, employee, £200.
Henry Hope, Ingrow, employee, £200.
Charles THOMPSON, Ingrow, employee, £200.
Abraham PRIESTLEY, Crosshills, employee, £200.
Tom AMBLER, Hermit Hole, employee, £200.
James KANE, Keighley, employee, £200.
Edward SIMPSON, Haworth, employee, £200.
Florence Isabella LEESON, 5 Sefton Rd., New Brighton, Cheshire, £200 annuity.
Mary Harriet Alexandra LEESON, same address, £80 annuity.
Marion MASHITER, Milnthorpe, Westmoreland, £120 annuity.
Kate McMILLAN, Liscard, Cheshire, £80 annuity.
Malisa MITCHELL, Hermit Hole, £40 annuity.
As long as they all remained spinsters.
Thomas MASHITER, Grange-over-Sands, £60 annuity.
Walter SMITH, law stationer, North Street, Keighley, £40 annuity. 
John HELLIWELL, his servant, £20 annuity.
£1200 to build six cottages to be known as the Hebden Wright Almshouses (still there in Dorothy Street), to be let rent free to old and poor people living in Hermit Hole.
£2000 max. for four stained glass windows in memory of his three siblings, James, John, Mary and himself.
Money for an annual tea for the Choir of Hermit Hole Chapel and the old people of the district, living in Hermit Hole, Whins Wood, Damems Road and Halifax Road from Whins Top to Wesley Place Board School near the end of Damems Road. This survived into the 1970s.

Will dated 21 July 1914. Died 23 July 1914 at 'The Whins' Estate £42,687-6s-3d. Duty Paid £2985-6s-2d. Will Proved 14 August 1914. Registered 17 August 1914, Wakefield. Vol 36. Page 238. No.98. 
The WRIGHT grave  at Ingrow is at the Keighley end of the church, over at the back adjacent to Springfield Road. 
All the WRIGHTS were doyens of the Methodist Chapel at Hermit Hole, with James probably the most prominent, and it was through him that Henry Isaac BUTTERFIELD donated the organ to Hermit Hole Chapel.
William Miers Wright a doctor who we believe came from Huddersfield married Jane Bullcock and they lived at the Manor House on High Street, Keighley. Their daughter Mary married first Robert Barlow, surgeon and after his death in 1832 at the Manor House, she married Joseph Craven of Walk Mill and Park House at Steeton. Jane the daughter of the above mentioned Mary and Robert married Richard Shackleton Butterfield of Woodlands, Haworth. Sadly the marriage was short lived, Jane died within the year. 

Gentry and Clergy 

1822 1829 1834
Blakey John, gent. Townfield gate  Binns Mrs. Ann, Croft house  Binns Mrs. Ann, Croft house 
Butterfield Isaac, Esq. Spring gardens Dawson Robert, gent. Mill hill  Blakey Mrs. ---, Townfield gate 
Corlas Thomas, gent. Hope street Greenwood Joseph, esq. Springhead Brigg Mrs. Isabella, Guard house
Greenwood Jas. gent. Greenwood's pl. Heaton Robert, gent. Ponden hall  Clapham Samuel Blakey, esq. Aireworth house
Greenwood John, Esq. Knowles house  Horsfall Jonas, gent. Sanders  Cowling Mr. Joshua, Braithwaite 
Hindle Jonathan, Changegate  Mitchell James, esq. Oldfield house  Dawson Mrs. Elinor, South st 
Hird Jonas, Mill row Greenwood Mr. James, Greenwood's place
Metcalfe Cuthbert Esq. High street  Greenwood John, esq. Knowle
Sugden William, Esq. Eastwood house Hardwick Mrs. Mary, 21 Cook lane 
Whitaker Wm. gent. Eastwood row Leach Mr. Thomas, West Riddlesden
Netherwood C. esq. Cliffe hall  
Shackleton Mr. Abraham, Braithwaite
Smith Mrs. Hannah, 100 Low st 
Sugden William, esq. Eastwood house
Wright Mrs. Jane, Upper Green

 

English and Welsh Naming Patterns: 
First son was named after the father's father. 
Second son was named after the mother's father. 
Third son was named after the father. 
Fourth son was named after the father's oldest brother. 
Fifth son was named after the father's 2nd oldest brother or mother's oldest brother. 
First daughter was named after the mother's mother. 
Second daughter was named after the father's mother. 
Third daughter was named after the mother. 
Fourth daughter was named after the mother's oldest sister. 
Fifth daughter is named after the mother's 2nd oldest sister or father's oldest sister.
Since many children died in the 17th and 18th centuries, parents had no problem with re-using the name of a dead child for a subsequent birth.

 

 

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